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111. Sublethal Effects of Fire Smoke.
Published: 12/1/2004
Author: Richard George Gann

112. Sublethal Effects of Fire Smoke: Finding How to Include Them in Fire Safety Decisions
Published: 5/15/2000
Author: Richard George Gann
Abstract: It has long been realized that the sublethal effects of smoke can affect survival in fires, but only sparse data were available on which to base fire safety decisions. A recent draft standard under consideration in the International Standards Organi ...

113. Sublethal Effects of Smoke on Survival and Health
Published: 3/26/2001
Authors: Richard George Gann, Jason D Averill, Kathryn M Butler, Walter William Jones, George William Mulholland, J L Neviaser, Thomas J. Ohlemiller, Richard D Peacock, Paul A Reneke, J R Hall

114. Summary and Recommendations (NIST SP 861)
Series: Special Publication (NIST SP)
Report Number: 861
Published: 4/1/1994
Authors: William L. Grosshandler, Richard George Gann, William M Pitts
Abstract: The main objective of this research program was to provide guidance to the sponsors on which materials to evaluate in the full-scale fire suppression test plan at Wright-Patterson AFB. Specifically, the recommendations were to include the following: ...

115. Testing of an Alternate Smoking Material
Published: Date unknown
Author: Richard George Gann
Abstract: ASTM test method E2187-02b is not appropriate for measuring the ignition strength of a cigarette-shaped smoking material that does not have a tobacco column that burns during smoking. This letter reports a measurement of the relative ignition stren ...

116. Toxic Hazard of Building Products and Furnishings
Published: 3/14/2001
Author: Richard George Gann
Abstract: Since it was recognized nearly 30 years ago that most fire victims succumb to smoke, there has been a broad effort to include consideration of smoke toxicity in fire standards and code provisions. Research has made great advances in this area, progr ...

117. Toxic Potency Measurement for Fire Hazard Analysis. Technical Note.
Published: 12/1/1992
Authors: V Babrauskas, B C Levin, Richard George Gann, M Paabo, Richard H. Harris Jr., Richard D Peacock, S Yusa
Abstract: A comprehensive methodology has been developed for obtaining and using smoke toxicity data for fire hazard analysis. This description of the methodology comprises: determination that the post-flashover fire is the proper focus of smoke inhalation dea ...

118. Toxic Potency Values for Smoke from Products and Materials
Published: Date unknown
Authors: J L Neviaser, Richard George Gann
Abstract: Many devices have been used to generate data on the toxic potency of smoke from burning products and materials. This paper critically reviews those apparatus and sorts them by the combustion conditions (related to a type of fire) producing the smoke ...

Published: 11/11/2008
Author: Richard George Gann
Abstract: Typical prescriptive and performance-based assessments of life safety in building fires do not explicitly consider the contributions of the toxic potency of combustion gases, smoke obscuration, or the thermal and radiative environment. This paper ch ...

120. Validating Smoke Toxicity Tests
Published: Date unknown
Author: Richard George Gann
Abstract: This paper is the executive summary of NIST Technical Note 1453 (May 2003). The original abstract follows.This report presents the methodology for and results from a series of room-scale fire tests to produce data on the yields of toxic products in b ...

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