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Author: william pitts

Displaying records 91 to 100 of 118 records.
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91. Carbon Monoxide Formation in Fires by High-Temperature Anaerobic Wood Pyrolysis
Published: 7/31/1994
Authors: William M Pitts, Erik L Johnsson, Nelson P Bryner
Abstract: Building fire fatalities often occur at locations remote from the room where the fire is actually burning. The majority of these fire deaths are the result of smoke inhalation, primarily due to exposure to carbon monoxide (CO). Although causing nearl ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=910825

92. Computer Simulation of the Liquid Agent Spray Motion and Evaporation
Published: 7/18/1994
Authors: G. Gmurczyk, Leonard Y. Cooper, William L Grosshandler, William M Pitts
Abstract: The discharge of a liquid fire extinguishing agent stored in a pressurized vessel through an orifice generates a freely moving spray outside the vessel. The flow has been modeled as a two-phase, three-component, turbulent, compressible, dissipative f ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911629

93. Discharge Characteristics of Cryogenic Fluids From a Pressurized Vessel
Published: 7/18/1994
Authors: Jiann C Yang, William M Pitts, B D Breuel, G. Gmurczyk, William J. Rinkinen, W G Cleveland
Abstract: An experimental technique to study the rapid release of liquid cryogenic fluids from a pressurized vessel orientated downward is described. A rupture disc was used as the release mechanism. Experimental observations were made on the discharge charact ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911313

94. Global Equivalence Ratio Concept and the Prediction of Carbon Monoxide Formation in Enclosure Fires (NIST Monograph 179)
Series: Monograph (NIST MN)
Report Number: 179
Published: 6/1/1994
Author: William M Pitts
Abstract: This report summarizes a large number of investigations designed to characterize the formation of carbon monoxide (CO) in enclosures fires - the most important factor in fire deaths. It includes the first complete review and analysis of the studies w ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911661

95. Evaluation of Alternative In-Flight Fire Suppressants for Full-Scale Testing in Simulated Aircraft Engine Nacelles and Dry Bays (NIST SP 861)
Series: Special Publication (NIST SP)
Report Number: 861
Published: 4/1/1994
Authors: William L Grosshandler, Richard George Gann, William M Pitts
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911642

96. Executive Summary (NIST SP 861)
Series: Special Publication (NIST SP)
Report Number: 861
Published: 4/1/1994
Authors: William L Grosshandler, Richard George Gann, William M Pitts
Abstract: Bromotrifluoromethane (halon 1301 or CF3Br) has been the fire-fighting agent of choice for decades to protect inaccessible spaces aboard aircraft in flight because of its inherent ability to inhibit combustion while possessing a high liquid density a ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911643

97. Fluid Dynamics of Agent Discharge (NIST SP 861)
Series: Special Publication (NIST SP)
Report Number: 861
Published: 4/1/1994
Authors: William M Pitts, Jiann C Yang, G. Gmurczyk, Leonard Y. Cooper, William L Grosshandler, W G Cleveland, Cary Presser
Abstract: The extinguishment of a fire using gaseous agents is a very complicated process which is not completely understood. Current fire-fighting agents such as halon 1301 and halon 1211 are believed to function by a combination of chemical (catalytic remova ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911507

98. Introduction (NIST SP 861)
Series: Special Publication (NIST SP)
Report Number: 861
Published: 4/1/1994
Authors: William L Grosshandler, Richard George Gann, William M Pitts
Abstract: The Montreal Protocol of 1987 identified halon 1301 (CF3Br) as one of a number of halogenated chemicals that were sufficiently deleterious to stratospheric ozone that their continued production and use required limitation. An amendment to the Protoco ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911676

99. Summary and Recommendations (NIST SP 861)
Series: Special Publication (NIST SP)
Report Number: 861
Published: 4/1/1994
Authors: William L Grosshandler, Richard George Gann, William M Pitts
Abstract: The main objective of this research program was to provide guidance to the sponsors on which materials to evaluate in the full-scale fire suppression test plan at Wright-Patterson AFB. Specifically, the recommendations were to include the following: ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911789

100. Application of Thermodynamic and Detailed Chemical Kinetic Modeling to Understanding Combustion Product Generation in Enclosure Fires
Published: 1/1/1994
Author: William M Pitts
Abstract: Experiments in idealized two-layer fire environments have demonstrated that concentrations of carbon monoxide and other gaseous combustion products can be correlated in terms of the global eqivalence ratio. In this paper the results of detailed chemi ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911622



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