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1. A Performance-Based Analysis of a Hotel Building Using Two Egress Models
Published: Date unknown
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, James A Milke
Abstract: This report compares results from similar egress models based on documented evacuation movement data. When EXIT89 and Simulex1 are used to 1) simulate the same design scenarios and 2) perform a bounding analysis of the hotel building, differences i ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=861337

2. A Performance-Based Design of a Hotel Building Using Two Egress Models: A Comparison of the ResultsS
Published: 9/3/2004
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, James A Milke
Abstract: With the move toward performance-based design, engineers have been looking to evacuation computer models to assess a building s life safety. Many times, the engineer is tasked with the selection of one evacuation model for a specific project. Curre ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=861299

3. A Review of Building Evacuation Models
Published: 7/1/2005
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Richard D Peacock
Abstract: Evacuation calculations are increasingly becoming a part of performance-based analyses to assess the level of life safety provided in buildings. In some cases, engineers are using back-of-the-envelope (hand) calculation to assess life safety, and in ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902501

4. A Review of Building Evacuation Models
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1633
Published: 7/1/2005
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Richard D Peacock
Abstract: Evacuation calculations are increasingly becoming a part of performance-based analyses to assess the level of life safety provided in buildings. In some cases, engineers are using back-of-the-envelope (hand) calculation to assess life safety, and in ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902502

5. A Review of Building Evacuation Models, 2nd Edition
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1680
Published: 11/1/2010
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Richard D Peacock, Bryan L. Hoskins
Abstract: Evacuation calculations are increasingly becoming a part of performance-based analyses to assess the level of life safety provided in buildings. In some cases, engineers are using back-of-the-envelope (hand) calculations to assess life safety, and in ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=906951

6. Active Fire Protection Systems. Federal Building and Fire Safety Investigation of the World Trade Center Disaster (NIST NCSTAR 1-4)
Series: National Construction Safety Team Act Reports (NIST NCSTAR)
Report Number: 1-4
Published: 12/1/2005
Authors: D D Evans, Richard D Peacock, Erica D Kuligowski, William S Dols, William L. Grosshandler
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=101351

7. Active Fire Protection Systems. Federal Building and Fire Safety Investigation of the World Trade Center Disaster (NIST NCSTAR 1-4) ***DRAFT for Public Comments***
Series: National Construction Safety Team Act Reports (NIST NCSTAR)
Report Number: 1-4
Published: 9/1/2005
Authors: D D Evans, Erica D Kuligowski, William S Dols, William L. Grosshandler
Abstract: The National Institute of Standards and Technology investigation of active fire protection systems in World Trade Center (WTC) 1, 2, and 7 included the design, installation, capabilities, and performance on September 11,2001, of the automatic fire sp ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=909081

8. After the Alarm Sounds: How We Got Here, Where We Are, and Where We Should Go
Published: 4/1/2011
Authors: Jason D Averill, Erica D Kuligowski, Richard D Peacock
Abstract: This article reviews the history of egress design and code requirements in the United States, describes the current state-of-the-art in egress design and modeling, and offers a strawman research agenda for future egress research.
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=908554

9. Analysis of Egress From the World Trade Center Towers on September 11, 2001
Published: Date unknown
Authors: Richard D Peacock, Jason D Averill, Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: This paper provides an analysis of the evacuation of the World Trade Center towers culled from telephone and face-to-face interviews with survivors. A decedent analysis explores where occupants were located when each tower was attacked. Multiple re ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=861415

10. Application Modes of Egress Simulation
Published: 2/1/2010
Authors: Steve M.V. Gwynne, Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: The evacuation process is influenced by historical events. These can reflect previous incidents, training, and the routine use of the structure. These need to be considered during the design process as they will influence occupant behavior. In additi ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=861546



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