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You searched on: Author: erica kuligowski

Displaying records 31 to 40 of 99 records.
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31. Evacuation of People with Disabilities on Stairs
Published: 9/18/2012
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Bryan Hoskins, Richard D Peacock, Emily A. Wiess
Abstract: The time that it takes a population to reach safety when descending a stairwell during building evacuations is typically described by measureable engineering variables. These engineering variables include stairwell geometry, speed, density, and pre ...

32. More Thoughts on Defaults
Published: 9/18/2012
Authors: Steve M.V. Gwynne, Erica D Kuligowski, Michael Spearpoint
Abstract: In this paper, the use of default values in egress models is explored and specific values are proposed to combat issues of model misuse. The authors suggest that defaults should represent the most credibly conservative estimates available for core ...

33. Theory Building: An Examination of the Pre-evacuation Period of the 2001 WTC Disaster
Published: 9/18/2012
Author: Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: This paper presents a portion of the author‰s PhD dissertation involving a qualitative study of occupant behavior in response to the 2001 World Trade Center (WTC) disaster. Through analyses of transcripts from 245 face-to-face interviews with survi ...

34. Proposed General Approach to Fire-Safety Scenarios
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1743
Published: 5/29/2012
Authors: Amanda Pauline Robbins, Erica D Kuligowski, Steve M.V. Gwynne
Abstract: A systematic approach to the identification of fire-safety scenarios for analysis is desirable in order to identify important scenarios and to help ensure a consistent approach for different analysts. The number of possible fire-safety scenarios in a ...

35. Investigation Plan - National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Technical Investigation of Building and Emergency Communications System Performance in the Joplin, Missouri, Tornado of May 22, 2011
Series: Special Publication (NIST SP)
Report Number: 1132
Published: 5/24/2012
Authors: Marc L Levitan, Long Thanh Phan, Erica D Kuligowski, Franklin T. Lombardo, David P. Jorgensen
Abstract: Following the May 22, 2011 tornado that devastated the City of Joplin, NIST sent four engineers to Missouri on May 24 through May 28 to conduct a preliminary reconnaissance. Based on analysis of the data collected and other criteria required by law a ...

36. Building Occupant Safety Research 2012
Series: Special Publication (NIST SP)
Report Number: 1131
Published: 5/17/2012
Authors: Richard D Peacock, Erica D Kuligowski, Jason D Averill
Abstract: Historically, building egress systems have evolved in response to specific large loss incidents. Currently, systems are designed around a concept of providing stair capacity for the largest occupant load floor in the building with little or no cons ...

37. Developing Emergency Communication Strategies for Buildings
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1733
Published: 3/12/2012
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Steve M.V. Gwynne, Kathryn M Butler, Bryan L. Hoskins, Carolyn Sandler
Abstract: The purpose of this document is to provide the foundation for the development of a guidance document on emergency communication message content and dissemination strategies. The document answers three major questions regarding emergency communica ...

38. Overall and Local Movement Speeds During Fire Drill Evacuations in Buildings up to 31 Stories
Published: 2/4/2012
Authors: Richard D Peacock, Bryan L. Hoskins, Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: Occupant descent down stairwells during building evacuations is typically described by measureable engineering variables such as stairwell geometry, speed, density, and pre-evacuation delay. In turn, predictive models of building evacuation use the ...

39. Recommendations for Elevator Messaging Strategies
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1730
Published: 1/6/2012
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Bryan L. Hoskins
Abstract: Building occupants, who have been instructed to use elevators for evacuation, and have subsequently congregated within the elevator lobby for eventual evacuation, are presented with an uncertain and potentially intimidating situation. For example ...

40. Predicting Human Behavior during Fires
Published: 10/4/2011
Author: Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: Evacuation models, including engineering hand calculations and computational tools, are used to evaluate the level of safety provided by buildings during evacuation. Building designs and occupant procedures are based on the results produced from thes ...

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  • SP 250-XX: Calibration Services
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