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Author: erica kuligowski

Displaying records 31 to 40 of 83 records.
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31. Overall and Local Movement Speeds During Fire Drill Evacuations in Buildings up to 31 Stories
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1675
Published: 9/17/2010
Authors: Richard D Peacock, Bryan L. Hoskins, Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: The time that it takes an occupant population to reach safety when descending a stairwell during building evacuations is typically described by measureable engineering variables such as stairwell geometry, speed, density, and pre-evacuation delay. ...

32. Building Occupant Egress Data
Series: OTHER
Report Number: 4024
Published: 8/27/2010
Authors: Richard D Peacock, Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: Data on people movement on stairs were collected from 9 office and residential building evacuations in the United States. The buildings involved in this study range from 6 stories to 62 stories in height. The data were collected by positioning vide ...

33. The Faults with Default
Published: 7/5/2010
Authors: Steve M.V. Gwynne, Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: No abstract provided.

34. Representing Egress Behaviour in Engineering Terms
Published: 6/16/2010
Authors: Steve M.V. Gwynne, Erica D Kuligowski, Daniel Nilsson
Abstract: When using engineering tools to calculate RSET, the engineer must have sufficient expertise to identify actual human factors that will influence the outcome of an evacuation in a particular situation. The engineer must then represent these factors in ...

35. Occupant Behavior in a High-rise Office Building Fire
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1664
Published: 6/10/2010
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Bryan L. Hoskins
Abstract: Survey responses from occupants involved in a 32-story high-rise building evacuation during an actual fire were collected and analyzed to study the pre-evacuation period. Multiple regression models were used to test whether specific occupant, buildi ...

36. Application Modes of Egress Simulation
Published: 2/1/2010
Authors: Steve M.V. Gwynne, Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: The evacuation process is influenced by historical events. These can reflect previous incidents, training, and the routine use of the structure. These need to be considered during the design process as they will influence occupant behavior. In additi ...

37. The Need for Behavioral Theory in Evacuation Modeling
Published: 2/1/2010
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Steve M.V. Gwynne
Abstract: This paper posits the need for comprehensive theories about human behavior in fire evacuations. These would be of value in and of themselves to improve training, education, and future data collection efforts, but would also allow for a complete behav ...

38. The Human Side of Mass Notification
Published: 1/8/2010
Author: Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: On February 19, 2009, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) held a Federal Workshop on Mass Notification Messages. Participants from 12 federal agencies attended to discuss issues surrounding warning the public, building occupants ...

39. Compilation of Data on the Sublethal Effects of Fire Effluent
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1644
Published: 8/28/2009
Author: Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: The NRC is developing guidance for performing quantitative human reliability analysis for post-fire mitigative human actions modeled in a fire probability risk assessment. In some of the scenarios, operators are assumed to be exposed to the fire eff ...

40. The Process of Human Behavior in Fires
Published: 7/13/2009
Author: Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: Evacuation models, including engineering hand calculations and computational tools, are used to evaluate the level of safety provided by buildings during evacuation. However, there is a lack of available data and theory on occupant behavior for use b ...

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