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Author: erica kuligowski

Displaying records 31 to 40 of 78 records.
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31. The Need for Behavioral Theory in Evacuation Modeling
Published: 2/1/2010
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Steve M.V. Gwynne
Abstract: This paper posits the need for comprehensive theories about human behavior in fire evacuations. These would be of value in and of themselves to improve training, education, and future data collection efforts, but would also allow for a complete behav ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=861543

32. The Human Side of Mass Notification
Published: 1/8/2010
Author: Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: On February 19, 2009, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) held a Federal Workshop on Mass Notification Messages. Participants from 12 federal agencies attended to discuss issues surrounding warning the public, building occupants ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=904732

33. Compilation of Data on the Sublethal Effects of Fire Effluent
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1644
Published: 8/28/2009
Author: Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: The NRC is developing guidance for performing quantitative human reliability analysis for post-fire mitigative human actions modeled in a fire probability risk assessment. In some of the scenarios, operators are assumed to be exposed to the fire eff ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=861599

34. The Process of Human Behavior in Fires
Published: 7/13/2009
Author: Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: Evacuation models, including engineering hand calculations and computational tools, are used to evaluate the level of safety provided by buildings during evacuation. However, there is a lack of available data and theory on occupant behavior for use b ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902504

35. Building Occupant Safety Research 2008
Series: Special Publication (NIST SP)
Report Number: 1091
Published: 6/12/2009
Authors: Richard D Peacock, Jason D Averill, Erica D Kuligowski, Richard W. Bukowski
Abstract: Historically, building egress systems have evolved in response to specific large loss incidents. Currently, systems are designed around a concept of providing stair capacity for the largest occupant load floor in the building with little or no consid ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=901528

36. Stairwell Evacuation from Buildings: What We Know We Don't Know
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1624
Published: 6/12/2009
Authors: Richard D Peacock, Jason D Averill, Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: Occupant descent down stairwells during building evacuations is typically described by measureable engineering variables such as stairwell geometry, speed, density, and pre-evacuation delay. In turn, predictive models of building evacuation use the ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=901451

37. Modeling Pre-Evacuation Delay by Occupants in World Trade Center Towers 1 and 2 on September 11, 2001
Published: 5/29/2009
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Dennis S Mileti
Abstract: On September 11, 2001, two airplanes hit WTC 1 and 2 sixteen minutes apart, which forced one of the largest evacuations from high-rise buildings in U.S. history. By understanding human behavior during evacuation from the Towers, improvements can be m ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=861491

38. The Process of Human Behavior in Fires
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1632
Published: 5/15/2009
Author: Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: Evacuation models, including engineering hand calculations and computational tools, are used to evaluate the level of safety provided by buildings during evacuation. However, there is a lack of available data and theory on occupant behavior for use b ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902507

39. Mass Notification Messages: Workshop Proceedings
Series: Special Publication (NIST SP)
Report Number: 1093
Published: 3/30/2009
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Richard D Peacock, Jason D Averill, Richard W. Bukowski
Abstract: This workshop provided a forum to discuss research and best practices regarding mass notification message creation and dissemination. The goal of the workshop was to provide a forum where representatives from federal agencies could exchange ideas and ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902287

40. Questioning the Linear Relationship Between Doorway Width and Achievable Flow Rate
Published: 1/1/2009
Authors: Steve M.V. Gwynne, Jessica Kratchman, Erica D Kuligowski, James A Milke
Abstract: This paper suggests that the currently assumed linear relationship between exit width and achievable flow is a simplification that may lead to an overly optimistic view of the achievable flow rates. Analyzed data is presented from several sources in ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=861412



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