1974, NIST developed and recommended the first standards
and guidelines for smoke detector use. Over the next
25 years, smoke detector use in U.S. homes grew from
10 percent to 95 percent, and fire deaths dropped by
has one of the few facilities in the U.S. designed
for conducting controlled, whole-room fire experiments
for collecting information on fire growth rates.
fire research and standards recommendations for mattresses,
children's sleepwear, carpeting, and upholstered furniture
also have reduced fire deaths.
continues to advance fire safety with computer models
that predict the growth of fires under different conditions
and with different building materials. These models
help designers optimize the fire safety of buildings.