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B. Carol Johnson

Research interests:

Developing methods for improved radiometric characterization and calibration of instruments, the transfer of this knowledge to the user community, and in improving the metrology of radiometry in remote sensing global climate change research.


Serves on instrument design and calibration and validation peer reviews for NASA and NOAA sensors, participates in the Working Group on Calibration and Validation (WGCV) for the Committee on Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS), and collaborates with ocean color calibration scientists.

Awards and Honors:

Pickering Fellow, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 1979–1981
Amelia Earhart Fellow, Zonta International 1980–1983
National Research Council Postdoctoral Associateship 1985-1987
NIST Bronze Medal Award 1996
Arthur S. Flemming Award 1999
Edward Bennett Rosa Award 2002
DOC Silver Medal Award 2004

Research projects:

Remote Sensing Laboratory

Radiometric performance of Earth Remote Sensing Instruments 

Ocean color and vicarious calibration (Marine Optical BuoY, MOBY)

Carol Johnson


Sensor Science Division
Optical Radiation Group

Employment History:

1985-present, NIST, Gaithersburg, MD

1981-1985, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA


Ph.D.  Astronomy, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA

M.A.  Astronomy, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA

B.S.  Engineering Physics, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO


Phone: 301-975-2322
Email: cjohnson@nist.gov
Fax: 301-869-5700