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Dr. Mark Vaudin

Research Interests

  • Electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) applied to microstructural, strain and texture measurements
  • Strain and stress determination using cross-correlation based EBSD technique for the development of nanoscale strain standards
  • High resolution X-ray diffraction using lattice comparator with 10-8 accuracy for lattice spacing and strain standards development
  • X-ray diffraction applied to texture and stress measurements using area and linear detector-based diffractometers
  • Scanning electron microscopy applied to broad spectrum of materials


Figures 1(left): Stress profiles measured across 350 mN wedge indentation in Si using EBSD and Confocal Raman Microscopy with different wavelength laser excitation; Figure 2(right): Lattice comparator with two x-ray sources, interferometer-controlled crystal and four test crystals

Postdoctoral Research Opportunities

Nanoscale Stress Mapping Using Confocal Raman Spectroscopy and Electron Back Scattered Diffraction

Strain engineering at the nanoscale in the microelectronics industry requires the ability to make strain and stress measurements with spatial resolution at the 50 nm level and strain resolution at the 10-4 level. Electron Back Scattered Diffraction and Confocal Raman Spectroscopy are two complementary techniques that can achieve the necessary resolutions. Significant progress has been made with both techniques but much work in technique and standards development remains to be done.

Crystallographic Texture Measurements in Thin Film and Bulk Materials

Study uniaxial and triaxial texture with diffraction techniques. Use electron backscatter diffraction and x-ray diffraction with area and linear detectors to investigate texture in thin films (typically uniaxial) and bulk materials at different length scales.



Ceramics Division
Structure Determination Methods Group

Employment History:

1988–present: Physicist, Ceramics Division, NIST
1986-1988: NIST Associate, Ceramics Division, NBS
1980-1986: Research Associate, Materials Science and Engineering, Cornell University


Ph.D., Physics, Bristol University, UK, 1979
M.Sc., Physics of Materials, Bristol University, UK, 1976


Phone: 301-975-5799
Fax: 301-975-5334