Four major NMIs from the USA (NIST), UK (NPL), the Netherlands (NMi) and Korea (KRISS) agreed to collaborate and develop standards. NIST is the lead institute for developing terpene standards and is also participating in standards development for hydrocarbons, oxygenates, and formaldehyde. The objective is to provide the WMO/GAW-VOC community with stabile, traceable standards for hydrocarbons, oxygenates, terpenes, formaldehyde, and a few other important VOCs.
Hydrocarbons in the atmosphere can vary greatly over the period of a year due to climatic conditions with concentrations below 50 pmol/mol. While the WMO/GAW-VOC measurement community typically want a 5 nmol/mol VOC standard that they can dilute down to part-per-trillion (ppt) levels, NIST believes that there should be a traceable standard at the low pmol/mol level to test the dilution method and assure that it is viable. The Gas Metrology Group at NIST has developed a suite of primary standards containing several key hydrocarbons covering a concentration range from (50 to 225) pmol/mol (ppt). The results show good agreement within the suite of standards. Research has been done to determine the accuracy of a cryogenic preconcentration system in which a nominal 5 nmol/mol standard is diluted into the low pmol/mol range to create a multi-point calibration curve. The pmol/mol standards are then analyzed and compared to the calibration curve. The results have shown some discrepancies between the dilution of the high concentration standard and the pmol/mol standards which raises questions as to the validity of the dilution method. Standards have been prepared by NIST at the nmol/mol region for several key terpenes, and these standards are currently being analyzed by other NMIs.
Start Date:April 1, 2006
Lead Organizational Unit:mml
Related Programs and Projects:
Measurements and Standards to Support Global Climate Change Studies