Take a sneak peek at the new NIST.gov and let us know what you think!
(Please note: some content may not be complete on the beta site.).
NIST Authors in Bold
|Author(s):||Peter Y. Hsieh; Thomas J. Bruno;|
|Title:||Pressure-controlled advanced distillation curve analysis and rotational viscometry of swine manure pyrolysis oil|
|Published:||April 26, 2014|
|Abstract:||Pyrolysis is an effective method of converting agricultural byproducts to a tarry complex fluid suitable for use as a liquid fuel. While superficially similar in appearance to crude petroleum, pyrolysis oil contains significantly more oxygenated and nitrogenous compounds and up to 30 % water by mass. These differences in composition affect both the heating value and viscosity of the fuel. We used the reduced-pressure advanced distillation curve (ADC) method to characterize the boiling point and composition of pyrolysis oil derived from swine manure. The swine manure pyrolysis oil was found to contain ~10 % water by mass. Thermal cracking of the sample was observed near 300 °C. The pyrolysis oil viscosity decreases exponentially as a function of temperature from 50 to 75 °C.|
|Research Areas:||Biofuels, Energy, Alternative Energy|
|PDF version:||Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (683KB)|