NIST logo

Publication Citation: Firebrand Generated from a Full-Scale Structure Burning Under Well-Controlled Laboratory Conditions

NIST Authors in Bold

Author(s): Sayaka S. Suzuki; Adam Brown; Samuel L. Manzello; Junichi Suzuki; Yoshihiko Hayashi;
Title: Firebrand Generated from a Full-Scale Structure Burning Under Well-Controlled Laboratory Conditions
Published: December 16, 2013
Abstract: Firebrand production from a real-scale structure under well-controlled laboratory conditions was investigated. The structure was fabricated using wood studs and oriented strand board (OSB). A sofa was placed inside the structure and this sofa was ignited using a remote electric match. The door opening was sized to allow flashover to occur inside the structure in order to produce ignition. The entire structure was placed inside the Building Research Institute‰s (BRI) Fire Research Wind Tunnel Facility (FRWTF) in Japan to apply a wind field of 6 m/s onto the structure. As the structure burned down, firebrands were collected using an array of water pans. The size and mass distributions of firebrands collected in this study were compared with firebrand generation data from actual full-scale structure burns, individual building component tests, and historical firebrand generation studies from structures. The methodology presented here provides a framework to study firebrand generation from burning structures under well-controlled laboratory conditions while affording the ability to capture the important nature of realistic scales critical to the firebrand production process.
Citation: Fire Safety Journal
Volume: 63
Pages: pp. 43 - 51
Keywords: WUI Fires; Firebrands
Research Areas: Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) Fires
PDF version: PDF Document Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (6MB)