NIST logo

Publication Citation: Tests of the Extended Lee Model Using Three Different Turbine Meters

NIST Authors in Bold

Author(s): Jodie G. Pope; John D. Wright; Sherry D. Sheckels;
Title: Tests of the Extended Lee Model Using Three Different Turbine Meters
Published: June 20, 2012
Abstract: We report additional tests of our ,extended Lee modelŠ for calibrating turbine meters. The model accounts for 1) Reynolds number (Re) dependent drag and lift, 2) bearing static drag and 3) bearing viscous drag. Initially, we tested this model using a dual−rotor, 2.5−cm−diameter turbine meter and flow measurements spanning a 200:1 range (50  Re  109,000) with liquid mixtures spanning a 42:1 kinematic viscosity range (1.2 × 106 m2 / s  ν  50 × 106 m2 / s). The model correlated the volumetric flow data within 3.6 % over the entire Re range. The same data had a maximum deviation of 17 % from the commonly used Strouhal versus Roshko (or Re) correlation. In this work, we tested the model using three different single−rotor turbine meters with diameters of 2.5 cm, 1.6 cm, and 1.9 cm and flow measurements spanning a 75:1 range (140 < Re < 102,000) with liquid mixtures spanning a 12:1 kinematic viscosity range (1.2 × 106 m2 / s  ν  14 × 106 m2 / s). The model correlates the flow data within 2.3 % for all three meters over the entire Re range. The same data had a maximum deviation of 4.76 % from the commonly used Strouhal versus Roshko (or Re) correlation. Therefore, the model works well for single−rotor and dual−rotor meters. The model shows that static bearing drag is responsible for fanning (or non−convergence) of multiple−ν calibration curves. However, as with the dual−rotor meter, the model begins to fail at low Re numbers where the bearing drags dominate the rotor‰s behavior causing corrections as large as 26 % of the calibration factor.
Conference: 8th International Symposium on Fluid Flow Measurement
Location: Colorado Springs, CO
Dates: June 20-22, 2012
Keywords: Turbine Meter; Kinematic Viscosity; Propylene Glycol
Research Areas: Measurements
PDF version: PDF Document Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (1MB)