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Publication Citation: Advanced Propellant/Additive Development for Fire Suppressing Gas Generators: Hybrid Systems

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Author(s): Stephen Fallis; Russell Reed; Jennifer L. McCormick; Kim Wilson; Gary Holland;
Title: Advanced Propellant/Additive Development for Fire Suppressing Gas Generators: Hybrid Systems
Published: January 01, 2001
Abstract: The ,Advanced Propellant/Additive Development for Gas GeneratorsŠ project is a collaborative effort between General Dynamics OTS-Aerospace (GD) in Redmond, WA and the Naval Air Warfare Center-Weapons Division (NAWCWD) in China Lake, CA. The project objective is to develop highly efficient, environmentally acceptable, chemically active fire suppressant capabilities based upon solid propellant gas generators; and improve the understanding of propellant and additive effectiveness in fire suppression through testing. This paper reports on two segments: 1) development of cool burning propellant formulations and 2) fire testing of chemically active agents within the Solid Propellant Gas Generator (SPGG) and Hybrid Fire Extinguisher (HFE) configurations. Propellant formulations in development contain 5-aminotetrazole and the new high nitrogen compound BTATZ (C4H4N14). These fuels are being refined in order to reduce overall combustion temperatures while maintaining ballistic robustness. Fire testing conducted using chemically active agents (potassium iodide and potassium carbonate) demonstrated a >50% improvement in effectiveness when tested parallel to inerting systems. Similar performances were also observed between SPGG and HFE gas generator devices on a total inerting agent load basis. Fire testing was conducted at the GD facility in the Fire Test Fixture (FTF) against a controlled JP-8 fire. This paper summarizes the results to date of propellant formulation development, chemically active agent performance in a fire scenario, and HFE versus SPGG effectiveness. Project funding
Citation: Special Publication (NIST SP) - 984-4
Research Areas: Building and Fire Research
PDF version: PDF Document Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (2MB)