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Publication Citation: Human Factors Considerations in the Potential for Using Elevators in Building Emergency Evacuation Plans

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Author(s): N E. Groner; Bernard M. Levin;
Title: Human Factors Considerations in the Potential for Using Elevators in Building Emergency Evacuation Plans
Published: August 01, 1992
Abstract: If elevators could be safely used in fire emergencies, the safety of building occupants with mobility limitations could be greatly enhanced and the time for all occupants to evacuate might be reduced. This report covers a study of human factors considerations related to the possible use of elevators for evacuations in fire emergencies. It covers the selection of the fundamental approach to organizing elevator evacuations for specific buildings; the coordination and direction of the evacuation; the decision-making, information and communication needs to permit a coordinated evacuation; and the documentation, manning and training requirements to permit a proper implementation of the fire emergency plan.
Citation: NISTGCR - 92-615
Keywords: human factors engineering; elevators (lifts); evacuation; fire protection; handicapped; high rise buildings; human behavior; office buildings; occupants
Research Areas: Building and Fire Research
PDF version: PDF Document Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (752KB)