NIST logo

Publication Citation: Reconstruction of the Fires in the World Trade Center Towers. Federal Building and Fire Safety Investigation of the World Trade Center Disaster (NIST NCSTAR 1-5) ***DRAFT for Public Comments***

NIST Authors in Bold

Author(s): Richard G. Gann; Anthony P. Hamins; Kevin B. McGrattan; George W. Mulholland; Harold E. Nelson; Thomas J. Ohlemiller; William M. Pitts; Kuldeep R. Prasad;
Title: Reconstruction of the Fires in the World Trade Center Towers. Federal Building and Fire Safety Investigation of the World Trade Center Disaster (NIST NCSTAR 1-5) ***DRAFT for Public Comments***
Published: September 01, 2005
Abstract: The collapses of the World Trade Center towers on September 11, 2001, resulted from a combination of aircraft impact damage and the ensuing fires. This report documents: The information obtained on the factors that affected the nature, duration and location of the fires and how this was obtained; The development and validation of the fire model used to simulate the fires; Descriptions of the most likely fires, as they were reconstructed; and The modeling and validation of the heat transfer from the fires to the buildings' structural members.
Citation: NIST NCSTAR - 1-5
Keywords: World Trade Center; high rise buildings; building collapse; disasters; fire safety; fire investigations; terrorists; terrorism; reconstruction; fire models; validation; fire tests; combustibles; interior finishes; interior furnishings; heat transfer; simulation; thermal response
Research Areas: Building and Fire Safety Investigations, World Trade Center Investigation, Building and Fire Research
PDF version: PDF Document Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (63MB)