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Publication Citation: Fundamental Limits of Optical Patterned Defect Metrology

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Author(s): Richard M. Silver; Bryan M. Barnes; Martin Y. Sohn; Hui H. Zhou; Jing Qin;
Title: Fundamental Limits of Optical Patterned Defect Metrology
Published: November 14, 2011
Abstract: The semiconductor manufacturing industry is now facing serious challenges in achieving defect detection rates with acceptable throughput and accuracy. With conventional bright-field and dark-field inspection methods now at their limits, it has become essential to explore alternative optical methods such as angle-resolved scatterfield microscopy, 193 nm short wavelength solutions, and coherent illumination solutions. In this paper we evaluate new optical illumination engineering techniques recently developed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). This methodology, using a scatterfield optical microscope, is evaluated through simulation and experiment using die-to-die defect detection methods for several defect types on predefined intentional defect array (IDA) wafers, demonstrating its capability for extending high throughput defect inspection beyond the 22 nm node. We investigate source optimization for angle and polarization resolved illumination, measurement wavelengths down to 193 nm and interference microscopy using electromagnetic simulations and laboratory apparatus. In addition, we report the systematic evaluation of defect sensitivity as a function of illumination wavelength.
Conference: 2011 International Conference on Frontiers of Characterization and Metrology for Nanoelectronics
Proceedings: AIP Proceedings
Volume: 1395
Pages: pp. 333 - 342
Location: Grenoble, -1
Dates: May 23-26, 2011
Research Areas: Optical microscopy, Inspection, Lithography Metrology
DOI:  (Note: May link to a non-U.S. Government webpage)