Take a sneak peek at the new NIST.gov and let us know what you think!
(Please note: some content may not be complete on the beta site.).

View the beta site
NIST logo

Publication Citation: Analysis of the Happyland Social Club Fire With HAZARD I

NIST Authors in Bold

Author(s): Richard W. Bukowski; Robert C. Spetzler;
Title: Analysis of the Happyland Social Club Fire With HAZARD I
Published: December 31, 1992
Abstract: The paper presents the reconstruction of the Happyland Social Club fire using the HAZARD I fire hazard assessment method along with an examination of four potential mitigation strategies: automatic sprinklers, a door at the base of the stairway to the second floor, a second means of egress from the second floor, or a noncombustible interior finish. The paper concludes that the traditional second means of egress might have not have eliminated the observed fatalities. and that the noncombustible interior finish or sprinkler options would, with the former being the more cost effective approach.
Citation: Journal of Fire Protection Engineering
Volume: 4
Pages: pp. 117 - 131
Keywords: hazard assessment, building fires, computer programs, hazard analysis, sprinklers, stairways, exits, costs, tenability limits, temperature, energy transfer, layer heights, oxygen concentration, carbon monoxide, fire investigations
Research Areas: Building and Fire Safety Investigations, Fire Protection Technologies
PDF version: PDF Document Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (831KB)