NIST logo

Publication Citation: Pulsed terahertz bi-directional reflection distribution function (BRDF) measurements of materials and obscurants

NIST Authors in Bold

Author(s): Shu Zee A. Lo; David R. Novotny; Erich N. Grossman; Edwin J. Heilweil;
Title: Pulsed terahertz bi-directional reflection distribution function (BRDF) measurements of materials and obscurants
Published: June 13, 2011
Abstract: A pulsed terahertz imaging system modified to perform angular detection of light for quantitatively characterizing reflection and scattering from samples is reported. Reflection from a gold mirror shows that the full width half maximum (FWHM) of the terahertz beam angular spread is <1° with signal-to-noise of 65 dB. Two samples, a paper index card and a corduroy cloth sample were tested. The index card reflects ca. 1% of the incident terahertz energy with similar angular spreading while the corduroy sample reflected approximately 0.01% of the incident terahertz energy with FWHM of 5-10°. The corduroy sample also exhibits temporal pulse scattering as a function of angle which correlates with direct frequency domain measurements.
Conference: SPIE Defense, Security & Sensing
Proceedings: Paper 8022-14, Session: "Passive Milllimeter Wave Imaging Technology XIV"
Volume: 8022
Location: Orlando, FL
Dates: April 24-29, 2011
Keywords: BRDF; concealed threat detection; terahertz reflection and scattering; terahertz imaging
Research Areas: Terahertz Metrology