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Publication Citation: Five Grand Challenges in Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics

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Author(s): Jason D. Averill;
Title: Five Grand Challenges in Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics
Published: June 06, 2011
Abstract: This paper identifies five grand challenges in the multidisciplinary field of pedestrian and evacuation dynamics (PED). In order to maximize the ef-fectiveness of limited resources, the PED community would benefit greatly from a prioritized, consensus-based research agenda. The five proposed research initia-tives include (1) a general human behavior model with a theoretical foundation and numerical validity, (2) a database archiving actual building emergency evacuations, (3) methods to embrace the stochastic nature of inputs and outcomes in building evacuation, (4) a validated method to integrate distributions of egress calculations with fire hazard calculations, and (5) adoption of technology for people movement, data collection, and within modeling constructs. The list proffered in this paper is intended merely as a spark for discussion amongst the greater PED community; a true consensus research agenda requires deliberation by leaders in the community.
Conference: 5th International Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics Conference
Proceedings: Proceedings of the 5th International Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics Conference
Pages: pp. 1 - 11
Location: Gaithersburg, MD
Dates: March 8-10, 2010
Keywords: Egress; Evacuation; Pedestrian; Fire Safety
Research Areas: Fire Protection Technologies
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-9725-8_1  (Note: May link to a non-U.S. Government webpage)
PDF version: PDF Document Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (123KB)