Take a sneak peek at the new NIST.gov and let us know what you think!
(Please note: some content may not be complete on the beta site.).

View the beta site
NIST logo

Publication Citation: Bending of a Bimetallic Beam due to the Kirkendall Effect

NIST Authors in Bold

Author(s): William J. Boettinger; Geoffrey B. McFadden;
Title: Bending of a Bimetallic Beam due to the Kirkendall Effect
Published: January 01, 2010
Abstract: The time dependent bending of single phase and two phase bimetal strips due to interdiffusion is computed. The model couples simple beam theory and diffusion, the bending being due to the creation and /annihilation of vacancies necessitated by unequal lattice diffusion rates of the two metals. The single phase problem employs a Fourier method for the diffusion analysis that results in beam curvature that is initially proportional to time and which reaches a steady state value at long time. The two phase results, which involve a moving interphase interface employs an error function solution for the diffusion analysis to model early times. This analysis results in linear behavior at early time, only if the original interface is centered in the beam. In general the curvature goes as the square root of time at early times. The single phase results are also compared to the results of Daruka et al., Acta Mater (1996) 44: 4981-4993
Citation: Journal of Phase Equilibria and Diffusion
Keywords: Kirkendall Effect, Bending, Diffusion
Research Areas: Materials Science, Metals
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11669-009-9609-8  (Note: May link to a non-U.S. Government webpage)
PDF version: PDF Document Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (307KB)