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Publication Citation: Dissipation of Oxygen From Outward Leak of Closed Circuit Breathing Device

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Author(s): Kathryn M. Butler; Rodney A. Bryant; J G. Kovac;
Title: Dissipation of Oxygen From Outward Leak of Closed Circuit Breathing Device
Published: October 18, 2005
Abstract: Closed circuit breathing devices recycle exhaled air after scrubbing carbon dioxide and adding make-up oxygen from a tank of pure oxygen. Use of this equipment allows first responders to work for up to four hours without swapping out cylinders. Firefighting situations in which these devices would be useful include tunnels, mines, and environments contaminated with biological or chemical toxins. A risk perceived by firefighters entering environments containing open flame and high radiant heat is the possibility of fire ignition in the vicinity of the respirator caused by the outward leakage of oxygen around the facepiece.This paper presents the progress on a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) study of oxygen dissipation into the environment surrounding a respirator facepiece. Actual heads and masks have been scanned into a 3D data set for entry into the CFD software, providing a physical boundary for the problem to be solved. Leak geometries representing an imperfect seal are defined. Oxygen concentration fields and flow streamlines will be determined for multiple leak geometries and for both normal and high stress breathing patterns.
Conference: Advance Personal Protective Equipment Conference
Proceedings: Proceedings| Challenges in Protecting Frist Responders| 2005
Pages: 5 pp.
Dates: October 16-18, 2005
Keywords: closed circuit breathing devices;respirator leaks;respirators
Research Areas: Building and Fire Research
PDF version: PDF Document Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (278KB)