Take a sneak peek at the new NIST.gov and let us know what you think!
(Please note: some content may not be complete on the beta site.).

View the beta site
NIST logo

Publication Citation: OH Reactivity and UV Spectra of Propane, n-Propyl Bromide, and Isopropyl Bromide

NIST Authors in Bold

Author(s): S N. Kozlov; Vladimir L. Orkin; Robert E. Huie; Michael J. Kurylo III;
Title: OH Reactivity and UV Spectra of Propane, n-Propyl Bromide, and Isopropyl Bromide
Published: March 01, 2003
Abstract: The rate constants for the reactions of OH radicals with the 1-bromopropane, 2-bromopropane, and propane were measured using the flash photolysis reasonance fluorescence technique over the temperature range between 210 K and 480 K. Arrhenius plots exhibit a noticeable curvature and the rate constants can be represented using a three parameter modified Arrhenius expression over the temperature range of the experiments with ca. 2% precision. Such a fit also describes the available high temperature data for propane quite well. The best three parameter fits to the data are:kC3H8 (T) = 1.90x10-12x(T/298)1.87 xexp{-158/5}, cm3 molecule-1 s-1,knPB(T)=2.99x10-13x(T/298)2.79 xexp{+369/T}, cm3 molecule-1 s-1,knPB(T) =1.66x10-13x(T/298)2.95 xexp{+461/T}, cm3 molecule-1 s-1.For the low temperature range of atmospheric interest the reaction rate constants can be accurately presented by standard Arrhenius expressions. Based on the available low temperature data the following rate constants can be recommended for the purpose of atmospheric modeling:kC3H8 (T < 300 K) = 8.66x10-12 exp{-615/T} cm3 molecule-1 X-1,knPB (T < 300 K) = 3.03x10-12 exp{-330/T) cm3 molecule-1 s-1,kiPB(T < 300 K) = 1.77 x 10-12 exp{260/T} cm3 molecule-1 s-1.Atmospheric lifetimes were estimated to be ca. 14, 14, and 18 days for CH3CH2CH3, CH2BrCH2CH3, and CH3CHBrCH3, respectively. Ultraviolet absorption spectra of these bromopropanes were measured between 164 nm and 280 nm.
Citation: Journal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume: 107
Issue: No. 9
Keywords: atmospheric lifetime,haloakene,hydroxyl radical,iso-propyl bromide,n-propyl bromide,propane,ultraviolet spectra
Research Areas: