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Publication Citation: Consideration of possible mass and velocity corrections to magnetic experiments

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Author(s): Z. Y. Liu; P. A. Dowben; A P. Popov; David P. Pappas;
Title: Consideration of possible mass and velocity corrections to magnetic experiments
Published: January 01, 2003
Abstract: Gadolinium occurs, in natural abundance, as several isotopes. The possible combinations of different gadolinium isotopes dictates that even for a fixed number of atoms in the cluster, clusters of gadolinium atoms will exhibit a range of masses. This and the expected consequence of the translation energy distributions are explored as possible corrections to Stern-Gerlach cluster beam-deflection experiments. Upon closer inspection of the experimental data, we find that the translation energy plus the vibrational temperature distribution may be inhomogeneous. This could be the origin of a long tail to high deflections in the experimental deflection profiles, at low cluster temperatures, in the magnetic cluster Stern-Gerlach experiments.
Citation: Physical Review A (Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics)
Volume: 67
Pages: pp. 033202-1 - 033202-6
Keywords: cluster beam deflection;magnetic clusters;Stern-Gerlach
Research Areas: Electromagnetics