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Publication Citation: Contradictions and Justifications: Extensions to the Textual Entailment Task

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Author(s): Ellen M. Voorhees;
Title: Contradictions and Justifications: Extensions to the Textual Entailment Task
Published: June 16, 2008
Abstract: The third PASCAL Recognizing Textual Entailment Challenge (RTE-3) contained an optional task that extended the main entailment task by requiring a system to make three-way entailment decisions (entails, contradicts, neither) and to justify its response.  Contradiction was rare in the RTE-3 test set, occurring in only about 10% of the cases, and systems found accurately detecting it difficult.  Subsequent analysis of the results shows a test set must contain many more entailment pairs for the three-way task than the traditional two-way task to have equal confidence in system comparisons.  Each of six human judges representing eventual end users rated the quality of a justification by assigning "understandability" and "correctness" scores.  Ratings of the same justification across judges differed significantly, signaling the need for a better characterization of the justification task.
Conference: 46th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Human Language Technologies (ACL 2008)
Proceedings: Proceedings of the 46th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Human Language Technologies (ACL 2008)
Location: Columbus, OH
Dates: June 15-20, 2008
Keywords: natural language processing; textual entailment
Research Areas: Imaging
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