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Dr. Howard R. Baum

Dr. Howard R. Baum is a NIST Fellow in the Engineered Fire Safety Group of the Fire Research Division (FRD) of the Engineering Laboratory (EL) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). Dr. Baum has research interests in the fluid mechanics of fires, turbulent combustion, convective and radiative heat transfer, smoke transport, and microgravity combustion. He was a Lecturer and then Assistant Professor in the Division of Engineering and Applied Sciences at Harvard University from 1964 to 1971. He then spent four years as a Senior Scientist at Aerodyne Research, Inc., Billerica, Massachusetts before joining NIST.

Dr. Baum has published over one hundred forty papers and reports. His analysis of ventilation in containership holds is the technical basis of an international standard for containership ventilation. He is the co-developer (with R. Rehm) of what are now known as the low Mach number combustion equations, the starting point for most theoretical and computational work in that field. He has been involved in the development of large eddy simulation models for both building and outdoor fires at NIST since its inception. He also developed the first multiple fire model for urban environments that actually distinguishes individual fires.

Dr. Baum has served on National Research Council Panels convened by the Naval Studies Board in 1986 and 1991 to consider Office of Naval Research Opportunities in Solid and Fluid Mechanics, and a Panel in 1987 to consider the Status of Nuclear Winter Research. He was a member of the U.S. Delegation to the 1991 Japan-U.S. Heat Transfer Joint Seminar, and an invited participant in the 1994 U.S. Japan Seminar "Modeling in Combustion Science" sponsored by the National Science foundation and the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science. He was an invited lecturer at the SIAM Sixth International Conference on Numerical Combustion in 1996, at the 50th anniversary symposium of the National Research Institute of Fire and Disaster in Japan in 1998, and at the Emmons Memorial Symposium in San Antonio in 2000. He was also a member of the U.S. Panel of the UJNR Panel on Fire Research and Safety at the 13th meeting in 1996, the 14th meeting in 1998, and the 15th meeting in 2000. He was a Senior Visitor at the University of Minnesota Institute for Mathematics and its Applications (IMA) in 1999 and organizer of the IMA Fire Modeling Workshop. He is currently a member of the Editorial Board of the journals Combustion and Flame and Combustion Theory and Modeling.

Dr. Baum has been the recipient of many honors and awards. They include the U.S. Department of Commerce Silver Medal Award in 1981 and a Gold Medal Award in 1985. He was named Russell Severance Springer Visiting Professor at the University of California, Berkeley in 1985. He was awarded a Japan Society for the Promotion of Science Fellowship in 1994 for a visit to the University of Tokyo Institute of Industrial Science. He received the Medal of Excellence from the International Association for Fire Safety Science in 1991 and 1999. He was awarded the 1999 Arthur B. Guise Medal of the Society of Fire Protection Engineers. He was elected a Fellow and Chartered Physicist of the Institute of Physics in 1999. Dr. Baum was elected to membership in the National Academy of Engineering in 2000. His biography is listed in American Men and Women of Science, and Who's Who in America.

Dr. Howard R. Baum


NIST Fellow
Fire Research Division
Engineered Fire Safety


Harvard University, Ph.D., Applied Mathematics, 1964

Polytechnic University, M.S., Applied Mechanics, 1959

Polytechnic University, B.S., Aeronautical Engineering, 1957


Phone: 301-975-6668
Email: howard.baum@nist.gov
Fax: 301-975-xxxx