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Dr. Robert E. Chapman is the chief of the Applied Economics Office of the Engineering Laboratory (EL) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). Dr. Chapman joined NIST, formerly the National Bureau of Standards, in 1975. In his current position as Chief of the Applied Economics Office, he leads a group of economists that evaluate new technologies, processes, government programs, legislation, and codes and standards to determine efficient alternatives and to measure their economic impacts.
Dr. Chapman's current research activities are focused in two key areas. The first area is in support of the laboratory's Disaster Resilient Buildings, Infrastructure, and Communities Goal. The objective of this effort is to develop economic tools (evaluation methods, standards that support and guide the use of those methods, and user-friendly software for implementing those methods) for community planners, building owners and manager, and other key stakeholders to aid in the selection of cost-effective strategies for managing risks associated with natural and non-made hazards. Economic tools are needed to direct limited resources to investment in planning, mitigation, and recovery strategies that will provide maximum likely reduction in human losses and damages to buildings STET and infrastructure. The second are seeks to identify industries affected by Engineering Laboratory (EL) research; estimate the economic impacts resulting from EL research; and estimate the return on EL's research investment dollars.
Previously, Dr. Chapman was the program manager for the information and outreach branch of the Baldridge National Quality Program, where he provided liaison to a rapidly expanding network of state and local quality award programs, He organized annual workshops for state and local quality award programs focused on defining, documenting , and benchmarking key processes. In addition, he preformed statistical analyses to identify indicators of quality excellence and developed key metrics to improve program performance.
Between1988 and 1990, Dr. Chapman conducted a series of studies on how federal, state and local technology-based programs were assisting small and medium-size businesses; these studies were published as a formal Report to Congress.
Prior to that, Dr. Chapman led technical projects in the areas of; fore safety in health care facilities; economic of performance-based standards; software design, development, documentation, and evaluation; siting and siting of solid waste management facilities; and the treatment of uncertainty in decision making. He received the Department of Commerce Bronze Medal for work on performance-based standards.
Applied Economics Office
George Washington University, Ph.D., Economics, 1988
Indiana University (Bloomington), M.A., Mathematics/Statistics, 1974
McDaniel College, formerly Western Maryland College (Westminster), B.A., Summa Cum Laude, Mathematics, 1972