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Dr. Joshua D. Kneifel

Joshua Kneifel joined the staff at NIST’s Office of Applied Economics from the University of Florida in 2008. He received his bachelor’s degree in mathematics and economics in 2003, his master’s degree in economics in 2005, and his doctorate in economics in 2008. His fields of specialization in graduate school were industrial organization, public economics, and econometrics. He taught four semesters of Environmental Economics and his dissertation is comprised of three essays on renewable energy policies and emissions trading programs.

His research at NIST focuses on life-cycle costing and life-cycle environmental assessment of buildings, using BEES. Building for Economic and Environmental Sustainability (BEES) determines the life-cycle costs and environmental performance of individual products used in the construction of buildings. Currently Josh is working closely with Barbara Lippiatt and Jennifer Helgeson on a new BEES approach using a combination of input-output analysis and process-based life-cycle assessment to determine the life-cycle costs and environmental performance of an entire building given the integrated nature of building envelopes and systems. The life-cycle cost method assesses initial and future costs to determine the most cost-effective building design over a given study period. The key component Josh is working on regards the potential impact of carbon restrictions on building design decisions. Any future carbon regulation will lead to the measurement and pricing of greenhouse gas emissions. These restrictions will lead to additional construction costs as well as future energy costs, and could significantly impact the cost-effectiveness of alternative building designs. The goal of this project is to estimate the economic and environmental impacts future carbon restrictions will have on the building industry. The initial stage is to generate realistic case studies to determine how a price on carbon will impact decisions made in the building industry.



Applied Economics Office


Doane College, B.S., Mathematics and Economics, 2003

University of Florida, M.A., Economics, 2005

University of Florida, PhD, Economics, 2008


Phone: 301-975-6857
Email: joshua.kneifel@nist.gov
Fax: 301-975-4032