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Chemistry Programs & Projects

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Uniaxial Tension Beyond Necking
Last Updated Date: 03/13/2013

This project is developing methods to extract valid tensile stress-strain data out of an ASTM E8-type test beyond the point of necking.

Comparison of Co60 Absorbed Dose for High-Dose Dosimetry
Last Updated Date: 03/13/2013

NIST participated in a recent international comparison of standards for absorbed dose to water for 60 Co gamma radiation at radiation-processing … more

Dose/Dose-Rate Effects in Alanine Dosimetry
Last Updated Date: 03/13/2013

Check standards are used by the NIST Ionizing Radiation Division to monitor the performance of the alanine dosimetry system that is central to its … more

Applications of NIST Alanine/EPR Dosimetry to the Irradiation of Blood and Blood Products
Last Updated Date: 03/13/2013

At present, irradiation of blood products with ionizing energy is the only procedure known to prevent transfusion-associated graft-versus-host … more

Advanced X-ray Systems for the Detection of Special Nuclear Materials
Last Updated Date: 03/13/2013

The Dosimetry Group provides support to the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO) of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) for their … more

Small-Field Therapy Dosimetry Using Alanine/EPR
Last Updated Date: 03/13/2013

NIST has an ongoing program in small-field therapy dosimetry studies using alanine/EPR.

Springback
Last Updated Date: 03/13/2013

Elastic springback compensation is a long-standing issue for formed sheet automotive components.  The ability to predict the magnitude of … more

Automated Multi-Sample Ionization Chamber for Radioactivity Standards
Last Updated Date: 03/11/2013

NIST radioactivity standards for gamma-ray emitting radionuclides are maintained as calibration factors for an automated ionization chamber.

Photon Absorbed-Dose-to-Water Primary Standards
Last Updated Date: 03/08/2013

Computational and experimental studies to obtain correction factors for heat defect, heat transfer and scattering/perturbation for the water … more

Standards for Clinical Radionuclide Calibrators
Last Updated Date: 03/05/2013

In nuclear medicine clinics, activity measurements are typically made using commercially available radionuclide calibrators which incorporate a … more

A Study of the Irradiation-Temperature Coefficient for Alanine Film and Pellet Dosimeters at Elevated Temperature
Last Updated Date: 03/01/2013

Correcting the response of a dosimeter for the average temperature during irradiation processing improves the accuracy of the dose measurement.  more

Theoretical Dosimetry and Radiation-Transport Calculations
Last Updated Date: 02/27/2013

The fundamental photon and charged particle interaction data and the radiation transport methods, pioneered and developed at NIST to calculate the … more

Calibration of Low-Energy Photon Brachytherapy Sources
Last Updated Date: 02/27/2013

Small radioactive "seed" sources used in prostate brachytherapy, containing the radionuclide 103 Pd, 125 I, or 131 Cs, are calibrated in terms of … more

Traceability for Industrial Irradiator
Last Updated Date: 02/26/2013

U.S. manufacturers have contended for decades that traceability to national standards for industrial irradiation applications is best achieved by … more

High Rate Testing
Last Updated Date: 02/22/2013

This project involves sample geometry and metrological development for high rate servohydraulic testing. (Content to be uploaded soon) more

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