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Displaying news from October 01, 2012 To December 31, 2012

CT calorimetry
Release Date: December 21, 2012

Heather Chen-Mayer at the PET/CT scanner with HDPE phantoms. The large sections are for whole-torso measurements; the small cylinder is one of two other sizes tested in the course of the … more

2013-2014 Business/Nonprofit Criteria Now Available
Release Date: December 20, 2012

The 2013–2014 Criteria for Performance Excellence for businesses and nonprofit organizations are now available for sale on the Baldrige Web site. The Web site also contains valuable free content … more

Photons Emitted by Quantum Dots Can be Made Indistinguishable Through Quantum Frequency Conversion
Release Date: December 19, 2012

The quantum frequency conversion system uses two pump lasers whose frequency difference is matched to the difference between the two input photon streams, causing the new photons from a … more

Ultraviolet Water Treatment
Release Date: December 19, 2012

Placing a water sample for irradiation by UV beams. A group of researchers from PML’s Sensor Science Division is part of a project that will have a direct effect on improved safety of … more

For Newly Discovered 'Quantum Spin Liquid', the Beauty Is in Its Simplicity
Release Date: December 19, 2012

A research team including scientists from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has confirmed long-standing suspicions among physicists that electrons in a crystalline structure … more

JILA Physicists Achieve Elusive 'Evaporative Cooling' of Molecules
Release Date: December 19, 2012

Achieving a goal considered nearly impossible, JILA physicists have chilled a gas of molecules to very low temperatures by adapting the familiar process by which a hot cup of coffee … more

Uses and Users of NIST's Atomic Spectra Database
Release Date: December 19, 2012

Alexander Kramida (center) talks with Montgomery College students Thomas Carpentier (left) and Eric Carpentier (right). The online Atomic Spectra Database (ASD) provides the most … more

The Year in Patents
Release Date: December 18, 2012

NIST scientists and engineers have been recognized as inventors in a variety of research areas, including the biosciences, building and fire research, materials science and manufacturing. This past … more

Electron Spin Transport Demonstrated for First Time in an Organic Device
Release Date: December 14, 2012

Richter (left) and Jang (right) measuring the spin-valve effect of a device. (Click image for a larger version.)   Researchers in the Semiconductor and Dimensional Metrology … more

NIST, Forest Service Propose System to Help Communities Resist Wildfires
Release Date: December 12, 2012

Federal researchers have developed the first-ever rating system that allows communities to assess their risk from wildfires—on a building-by-building basis—and then ties that assessment to improved … more

Novel NIST Process Is a Low-Cost Route to Ultrathin Platinum Films
Release Date: December 12, 2012

A research group at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has developed a relatively simple, fast and effective method of depositing uniform, ultrathin layers of platinum atoms … more

New NIST Document Offers Guidance in Cryptographic Key Generation
Release Date: December 12, 2012

Protecting sensitive electronic information in different situations requires different types of cryptographic algorithms, but ultimately they all depend on keys, the cryptographic equivalent of a … more

NIST and Dutch Agency Team to Improve Forensic Science
Release Date: December 12, 2012

NIST Associate Director for Laboratory Programs Willie May watches as Tjark Tjin-A-Tsoi, Chief Executive Officer of the Netherlands Forensic Institute, signs an agreement for the two … more

Science.gov Web Portal Celebrates the Power of 10 (Years of Service)
Release Date: December 12, 2012

Did you know there is a smart phone application for first responders to use in detecting bomb threats? Or that the first animals to return to the Mount St. Helens area after its 1980 eruption were … more

NIST's Liddle, Spielman Elected APS Fellows
Release Date: December 12, 2012

Two scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Alex Liddle and Ian Spielman, have been elected Fellows of the American Physical Society (APS). The status of fellow is … more

NIST Engineer Remley Named IEEE Fellow
Release Date: December 12, 2012

Kate A. Remley, an engineer at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), has been named a Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). Kate A. … more

Martzloff Cited for Lifetime Achievement by IEEE Standards Association
Release Date: December 12, 2012

If you've ever had your house lights flicker alarmingly during a bad electrical storm but found that your prized home computing network survived just fine, you may wish to pay silent tribute to … more

New Platform Developed to Measure and Exploit Optomechanical Interactions
Release Date: December 12, 2012

A pair of nanobeams is held side-by-side and separated by a nanoscale gap, with one beam supporting a mechanical mode, and the other supporting a confined optical mode. The properties of the … more

National Institute of Standards and Technology Recognizes Staff Achievements
Release Date: December 5, 2012

GAITHERSBURG, Md.—The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) recognized current and former employees in an awards ceremony Dec. 5 at its Gaithersburg campus. Under Secretary of … more

Finding Magic Wavelengths
Release Date: December 5, 2012

JQI researcher Creston Herold examines part of the experimental apparatus.   Scientists from a PML-Joint Quantum Institute (JQI)* group have devised and demonstrated a novel method** … more

NIST and Forest Service Create World’s First Hazard Scale for Wildland Fires
Release Date: December 5, 2012

USFS Contact: Yasmeen Sands 360-753-7716 GAITHERSBURG, Md.—Two federal agencies have teamed to create the first-ever system for linking accurate assessments of risk from wildland fires to improved … more

Baldrige and Health Care: New Survey Reaffirms a Proven Partnership for Success
Release Date: December 4, 2012

For the second time in two years, Truven Health Analytics, a major health care survey research and data analysis organization, has linked hospitals that adopt and use the Baldrige Criteria for … more

Jan. 16 Workshop to Review Design for National Manufacturing Innovation Network
Release Date: December 3, 2012

The first public workshop devoted to reviewing and refining the suggested design for a new National Network for Manufacturing Innovation (NNMI), an initiative proposed by President Obama, will be … more

NIST-VA Agreement Leads to New Research on Hearing Aids
Release Date: November 30, 2012

Randy Wagner prepares a standardized manikin for hearing aid testing in the team's largest anechoic chamber. (Click image for larger version.) Randy Wagner and the rest of the … more

Cloud Computing and Big Data Intersect at NIST, January 15-17
Release Date: November 29, 2012

Two major new technologies come together for the Cloud Computing and Big Data Workshop, hosted by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) at its Gaithersburg, Md., campus Jan. … more

Photonic Thermometers
Release Date: November 28, 2012

Click here for animation of how the ring resonator is used as a photonic thermometer. For nearly a century, the instrument of choice for accurate temperature measurements in the range … more

NIST Experiments Challenge Fundamental Understanding of Electromagnetism
Release Date: November 27, 2012

Observations made with NIST's Electron Beam Ion Trap indicate that in ions with a strongly positive charge, electrons can behave in ways inconsistent with quantum electrodynamics (QED) … more

Mix Masters: NIST Scientists Image the Molecular Structure of Polymer Blends
Release Date: November 27, 2012

Using an enhanced form of "chemical microscopy" developed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), researchers there have shown that they can peer into the structure of blended … more

U.S., Brazil Publish Compliance Requirement Guides for Selected Industries
Release Date: November 27, 2012

New publications from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and its counterpart in Brazil can help manufacturers in several industries successfully navigate the landscape of … more

NIST Publishes Methods to Manage Risk in the Federal ICT Supply Chain
Release Date: November 27, 2012

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has published the final version of Notional Supply Chain Risk Management Practices for Federal Information Systems. This guide offers an … more

NIST Releases Annual Report on Federal Technology Transfer
Release Date: November 27, 2012

With new treatments for disease, test suites that safeguard computers, and even expertise to rescue miners trapped thousands of feet underground, federal laboratories have a wealth of technologies … more

New York Taps NIST's Sunder for Post-Sandy Review of Critical Systems and Services
Release Date: November 27, 2012

S. Shyam Sunder, director of the Engineering Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), has agreed to serve on the New York State Ready Commission, formed by Governor … more

Construction Industry Honors JILA X-Wing
Release Date: November 27, 2012

JILA's new X-Wing addition has received two construction industry awards—best project in higher education/research and special judges' recognition—from the Engineering News-Record, a trade … more

Baldrige Program Seeks Examiners
Release Date: November 27, 2012

12/6/12 update to this News item: Leadership Excellence magazine has ranked the Baldrige Program #8 in its top government / military training programs . . . read more It’s been said that the one … more

CNST Releases the Fall 2012 Edition of The CNST News
Release Date: November 21, 2012

The NIST Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology (CNST) is pleased to announce the release of the fall 2012 edition of The CNST News. This quarterly newsletter highlights recent accomplishments … more

1000 Calibration Reports . . . And Counting
Release Date: November 21, 2012

Igor Vayshenker works with the tunable laser system. The U.S. Internet – and indeed any communication system that sends information by fiber-optic cable – depends critically on strong, … more

Enriched Silicon: Going for Four Nines
Release Date: November 20, 2012

The outside of the deposition chamber with researcher Kevin Dwyer looking on, and a close-up of the inside showing the silicon target (glowing orange) where incoming ions will form epitaxial … more

Silver Anniversary Baldrige Awards Honor Organizations in Four Sectors
Release Date: November 14, 2012

The U.S. Commerce Department today named four U.S. organizations as recipients of the 2012 Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award, the nation’s highest Presidential honor for performance … more

'Cloning' Could Make Structurally Pure Nanotubes for Nanoelectronics
Release Date: November 14, 2012

Researchers from the University of Southern California (USC) and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have demonstrated a technique for growing virtually pure samples of … more

Four U.S. Organizations Honored with the 2012 Baldrige National Quality Award
Release Date: November 14, 2012

Silver Anniversary Group Features Winners in Four Different Sectors WASHINGTON, D.C.—Acting U.S. Commerce Secretary Rebecca Blank today named four U.S. organizations as recipients of the 2012 … more

NIST Study Suggests Carbon Nanotubes May Protect DNA from Oxidation
Release Date: November 14, 2012

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have provided evidence in the laboratory that single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) may help protect DNA molecules from … more

Key Property of Graphene Sustained Over Wide Ranges of Density and Energy
Release Date: November 14, 2012

A collaboration led by researchers from the NIST Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology  has shown for the first time that charge carriers in graphene continue to behave as massless particles, … more

Coming Soon: Tabletop Molecular Movies
Release Date: November 5, 2012

Close-up of water-jet target (vertical line, ~ 0.2 mm wide) used to produce picosecond x-ray pulses. Credit: Jens Uhlig One of the most urgently sought-after goals in modern science is … more

New Boulder Clean Room Open for Business
Release Date: November 2, 2012

Clean room manager John Nibarger examines a wafer carrier on a new load-locked deposition tool for sputtering noble-metal materials. After months of construction, installation, … more

The First Controllable Atom SQUID
Release Date: November 2, 2012

Researcher Kevin Wright checks part of the experimental apparatus. Scientists have created the first controllable atomic circuit that functions analogously to a superconducting quantum … more

NVLAP Accredits Laboratories for DHS Identity and Privilege Credential Management (DHSIPCM) Testing
Release Date: November 1, 2012

The National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP) announces the accreditation of three laboratories in its Cryptographic and Security Testing (CST) Laboratory Accreditation Program … more

Cellular Landscaping: Predicting How, and How Fast, Cells Will Change
Release Date: October 31, 2012

A research team at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has developed a model* for making quantifiable predictions of how a group of cells will react and change in response to … more

NIST, UMD Celebrate 25 Years of Research Partnership at IBBR
Release Date: October 31, 2012

Officials and researchers from the University of Maryland (UMD) and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) gathered on Oct. 25, 2012, to celebrate the 25th anniversary of the two … more

NIST Provides Draft Guidelines to Secure Mobile Devices
Release Date: October 31, 2012

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has published draft guidelines that outline the baseline security technologies mobile devices should include to protect the information … more

New NIST Web Resource Hosts Federal Research Technology Transfer Plans
Release Date: October 31, 2012

A new website has been launched by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to serve as a central resource for technology transfer plans developed by agencies with federal research … more

A Very Fond Farewell to Letitia Baldrige
Release Date: October 31, 2012

It is with heavy hearts that members of the Baldrige community say farewell to Letitia Baldrige, sister of Malcolm Baldrige, who passed away on Monday, October 29, at the age of 86. In announcing … more

Researchers Observe, Control, and Optimize the Growth of Individual Carbon Nanotubes
Release Date: October 31, 2012

Bright field transmission electron micrograph showing carbon nanotubes grown from an array of equally-sized iron catalyst particles created by electron beam-induced decomposition of a diiron … more

NIST Gaithersburg campus is closed Monday, October 29
Release Date: October 29, 2012

The National Institute of Standards and Technology is closed Tuesday, October 30. Non emergency employees should not report to work and will not be admitted to the facility. Emergency employees are … more

CANCELED: National Initiative for Cybersecurity Education (NICE) conference
Release Date: October 28, 2012

Due to expected severe weather from Hurricane Sandy, the National Initiative for Cybersecurity Education (NICE) conference scheduled for Oct. 30, 31, and Nov. 1 at NIST Gaithersburg has been … more

NIST Handbook 44 - 2012 Edition
Release Date: October 26, 2012

NIST Handbook 44 - 2012 Edition Specifications, Tolerances, and Other Technical Requirements for Weighing and Measuring Devices as adopted by the 96th National Conference on Weights and Measures … more

Researchers Develop Versatile Optomechanical Sensors for Atomic Force Microscopy
Release Date: October 24, 2012

Top: Scanning electron micrograph of the chip-based optomechanical sensor. Bottom: Schematic of the disk-cantilever sensor geometry. Researchers from the NIST Center for Nanoscale … more

Deborah Jin of JILA Selected for 2013 Women in Science Award
Release Date: October 22, 2012

Deborah Jin, a physicist at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) who works at JILA, has been selected as the North American recipient for the 2013 For Women in Science … more

Princeton/NIST Collaboration Puts Wheels on the Quantum Bus
Release Date: October 19, 2012

In yet another step toward the realization of a practical quantum computer, scientists working at Princeton and the Joint Quantum Institute (JQI) have shown how a major hurdle in transferring … more

NIST Researcher David Wineland Wins 2012 Nobel Prize in Physics
Release Date: October 16, 2012

David J. Wineland, a physicist at the U.S. Department of Commerce’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), has won the 2012 Nobel Prize in Physics. The honor is NIST’s fourth Nobel … more

New Reference Material to Help Get the Lead Out of Paints for Children's Products
Release Date: October 16, 2012

To help manufacturers adhere to new regulations intended to reduce the risk of lead poisoning in children, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have developed … more

NRI to Lead New Five-Year Effort to Develop Post-CMOS Electronics
Release Date: October 16, 2012

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) announced today the selection of the Nanoelectronics Research Initiative (NRI), a collaboration of several key firms in the semiconductor … more

Slip Sliding Our Way: At the Nanoscale, Graphite Can Turn Friction Upside Down
Release Date: October 16, 2012

If you ease up on a pencil, does it slide more easily? Sure. But maybe not if the tip is sharpened down to nanoscale dimensions. A team of researchers at the National Institute of Standards and … more

New Method Measures Movements of Tiny Devices-At Every Step
Release Date: October 16, 2012

Makers of minuscule moving machines—the kind being eyed for nanomanufacturing and assembly as well as other uses—do you know where your micro- and nanorobots really are? A micromachine … more

New NIST Software Checks Performance of Biometrics Applications Against 2011 Standard
Release Date: October 16, 2012

A new software test suite developed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) allows local and federal agencies and other users of the NIST's revised biometric standard to gain … more

EUV beam line moves to PML
Release Date: October 15, 2012

Schematic more

New Measurement Technique to Fill Critical Need for Fiber Optic Cable Industry
Release Date: October 15, 2012

New target station developed by PML which uses a camera and digital display instead of the conventional microscope. In consumer-driven industries, it is critically important to provide … more

Video of Measurement Science and Standards in Forensic Firearms Analysis Now Available
Release Date: October 12, 2012

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in collaboration with The Association of Firearm and Tool Mark Examiners (AFTE) and the Scientific Working Group for Firearms and Toolmarks … more

Obama Administration Announces $20 Million for 10 Public-Private Partnerships to Support American Manufacturing and Encourage Investment in the US
Release Date: October 9, 2012

Investments will promote job creation and economic growth in local industry clusters in AZ, CA, MI, NY, OK, OR, PA, TN and WA WASHINGTON — The Obama administration today announced that 10 … more

Congratulations to David Wineland! 2012 Nobel Laureate in Physics
Release Date: October 9, 2012

We are thrilled at the news that NIST's David Wineland has been awarded the 2012 Nobel Prize in Physics, along with Professor Serge Haroche of the Collège de France and Ecole Normale Supérieure. … more

NIST's David J. Wineland Wins 2012 Nobel Prize in Physics
Release Date: October 9, 2012

David J. Wineland, a physicist at the U.S. Department of Commerce’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), has won the 2012 Nobel Prize in Physics. The honor is NIST’s fourth Nobel … more

NIST Revises Software Patch Management Guide for Automated Processes
Release Date: October 5, 2012

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has published for public comment a revised draft of its guidance for managing computer patches to improve overall system security for large … more

Researchers Determine Critical Factors for Improving Performance of a Solar Fuel Catalyst
Release Date: October 3, 2012

False-color scanning electron micrographs of cross-sectioned hematite films grown by sputter deposition and then annealed at two different temperatures.  The physical structure and the tin … more

NIST, Columbia Engineering Collaborate on Inexpensive DNA Sequencing Method
Release Date: October 2, 2012

Rapid, accurate genetic sequencing soon may be within reach of every doctor's office if recent research from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and Columbia University's … more

NIST Selects Winner of Secure Hash Algorithm (SHA-3) Competition
Release Date: October 2, 2012

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) today announced the winner of its five-year competition to select a new cryptographic hash algorithm, one of the fundamental tools of … more

Oct. 18 Colorado Workshop to Explore Plans For National Network for Manufacturing Innovation
Release Date: October 2, 2012

Boulder, Colo., will be the site of the fourth and final public workshop to gather input on the design of the proposed National Network for Manufacturing Innovation (NNMI), on Oct. 18, 2012, at the … more

NIST Special Publications 1200: New Means of Disseminating Lab Procedures
Release Date: October 2, 2012

When scientists and engineers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) want to tell their peers about experimental methods they have “road-tested” for reliability and consistent … more

November Symposium Focuses on Forensics at NIST
Release Date: October 2, 2012

The link between the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and forensic science dates back to 1913 when the agency’s predecessor, the National Bureau of Standards, served as the … more

Third Annual NICE Workshop Adds a Virtual Cyber Threat Training and Competition Track
Release Date: October 2, 2012

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is offering a strong finale to National Cybersecurity Awareness month with its the third annual National Initiative for Cybersecurity … more

Three Experts Named to Earthquake Advisory Board
Release Date: October 2, 2012

Three earthquake authorities from academia and the private sector have been appointed by Patrick Gallagher, Under Secretary of Commerce for Standards and Technology and Director of the National … more

New Way To Realize Pressure
Release Date: October 2, 2012

Glass-enclosed cavity for prototype pressure device. In 1643, Evangelista Torricelli, in the course of solving a Tuscan plumbing problem, made the first barometer with a meter-long tube … more

Quantum Random Number Generator
Release Date: October 1, 2012

Schematic diagram of loophole-free Bell test, with time on the vertical axis and space on the horizontal axis. Two entangled photons are generated by a source. Each proceeds on a separate … more