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Displaying news from October 01, 2008 To December 31, 2008

CNST Co-sponsors Global Workshop on Nanoscale Measurement Challenges for Energy Applications
Release Date: December 29, 2008

One of the biggest scientific challenges in the world is the development of new ways to produce, transport, and sustain energy in the 21st Century, and nanotechnology holds many of the keys to … more

Electronic Methods Potentially Secure for Sending Blank Ballots Overseas; Serious Issues Remain for Receiving Votes -- NIST Report Identifies Security Threats and Potential Controls for Overseas Voting
Release Date: December 23, 2008

GAITHERSBURG, Md.—Electronic technologies could be deployed immediately and reliably to augment slower postal mail for distributing ballots to U.S. citizens living abroad, but using telephone, … more

Two NIST Physicists Win 2007 PECASE Honors
Release Date: December 23, 2008

Two physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have won Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE), the nation’s highest honor for the most … more

JILA Story Makes Physics 'Top Ten' List
Release Date: December 23, 2008

The creation of the first high-density gas of ultracold molecules by scientists at JILA, a joint institute of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of … more

NIST Posts 51 Entries for New Hash Algorithm Competition
Release Date: December 23, 2008

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has announced the first-round candidates for its open cryptographic competition to select a new state-of-the-art “hash algorithm”—to be … more

NIST Seeks White Papers on Critical National Needs
Release Date: December 23, 2008

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is interested in detailed pitches for critical national and societal needs that could be the basis for new competitions for research … more

'New and Improved' Baldrige Criteria Now Available
Release Date: December 23, 2008

The Baldrige Criteria for Performance Excellence—described by one industry CEO as “probably the single most influential document in the modern history of American business”—serves both as the … more

Wherefore a Leap Second?
Release Date: December 23, 2008

The spin of the Earth is slowing down. Not by much; only about 0.002 seconds a day (it varies), relative to our modern definition of the second. The varying rotation of the Earth is due to the … more

NIST Guides Genetic Genealogy Labs Toward Improved Accuracy
Release Date: December 23, 2008

Anyone who has watched crime dramas on TV knows that forensic scientists can use DNA “profiling” to identify people from evidence gathered at a crime scene, establish a paternity link or help free … more

Cracking a Tough Nut for the Semiconductor Industry
Release Date: December 23, 2008

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have developed a method to measure the toughness—the resistance to fracture—of the thin insulating films that play a … more

Electromagnetic Phantom Exorcises Specters of Metal Detector Tests
Release Date: December 23, 2008

Guest researcher John Jendzurski prepares the NIST electromagnetic phantom for passage through the walk-through metal detector behind it. The carbon-polymer blocks of the phantom are … more

NIST Report Identifies Security Threats, Possible Controls for Overseas Voting
Release Date: December 23, 2008

Electronic technologies could be deployed immediately and reliably to augment slower postal mail for distributing ballots to U.S. citizens living abroad, but using telephone, e-mail, and the Web to … more

Nine NIST Staff Become New APS Fellows
Release Date: December 9, 2008

Nine staff members of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have been elected new fellows of the American Physical Society, the largest professional organization of physicists … more

Belgium to Host First Conference for New Hash Algorithm Competition
Release Date: December 9, 2008

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has announced the first conference on an open cryptographic competition to select a new “hash” algorithm for securing digital signatures … more

Carbon Nanofibers Cut Flammability of Upholstered Furniture
Release Date: December 9, 2008

Carbon, the active ingredient in charcoal, is normally not considered a fire retardant, but researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have determined that adding a … more

Sevenfold Accuracy Improvement for 3-D 'Virtual Reality' Labs
Release Date: December 9, 2008

Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have developed software that improves the accuracy of the tracking devices in its immersive, or virtual, research environment … more

Dressed to Kill: From Virus to Vaccine
Release Date: December 9, 2008

In a pioneering effort, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Queensland in Australia have successfully demonstrated* that they can count, … more

Seventy-One Staff Members Earn Departmental Bronze and Other NIST Awards
Release Date: December 3, 2008

GAITHERSBURG, Md.—The Commerce Department’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) recently presented 71 staff members with the Departmental Bronze Medal and other NIST awards in … more

MML Leads Discussion of Dynamic Fracture Testing
Release Date: December 2, 2008

On May 7, 2008, MML and Mississippi State University co-hosted a workshop to discuss recent advances in fracture toughness testing of structural materials. This workshop entitled "Crack Tip Opening … more

Photoluminescence from GaN Nanowires
Release Date: December 1, 2008

Gallium nitride (GaN)-based semiconductors have successfully been incorporated into commercial light emitting diodes and commercial laser diodes that operate from ultraviolet (UV) to green … more

Commerce Secretary Gutierrez Joins President Bush in Announcing 2008 Baldrige National Quality Awards
Release Date: November 25, 2008

WASHINGTON, D.C.—Commerce Secretary Carlos M. Gutierrez joined President George W. Bush in announcing the 2008 recipients of the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award, the nation’s highest … more

Rescue Robot Exercise Brings Together Robots, Developers, First Responders
Release Date: November 25, 2008

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) held a rescue robot exercise in Texas last week in which about three dozen robots were tested by developers and first responders in order … more

NIST Awards $24 Million in Grants for New University Research Facilities
Release Date: November 25, 2008

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has awarded grants totaling more than $24 million to three universities to provide cost-shared support for the construction of new … more

Three Organizations Selected for 2008 Baldrige National Quality Award
Release Date: November 25, 2008

The Commerce Department’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and President Bush today announced that three organizations are the recipients of the 2008 Malcolm Baldrige National … more

NIST Physicist Wins OSA’s First Walther Award
Release Date: November 25, 2008

NIST physicist David Wineland will receive the inaugural Herbert Walther Award in recognition of his “seminal contributions to quantum information physics and metrology, and the development of … more

Final Strategic Plan for Earthquake Hazard Studies Published
Release Date: November 25, 2008

The National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP) has just published a new strategic plan to guide the activities of the four federal agencies that participate in the program for the next … more

NIST Leads Revision of International Coordinate Measuring Machine Standard
Release Date: November 25, 2008

A new testing procedure just published by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) represents the final step in a decade-long effort led by the National Institute of Standards and … more

NIST Releases Final WTC 7 Investigation Report
Release Date: November 25, 2008

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) last week released its final report on the Sept. 11, 2001, collapse of the 47-story World Trade Center building 7 (WTC 7) in New York City. … more

Neutron Researchers Discover Widely Sought Property in Magnetic Semiconductor
Release Date: November 25, 2008

Researchers working at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have demonstrated for the first time the existence of a key magnetic—as opposed to electronic—property of specially … more

Bright Idea Illuminates LED Standards
Release Date: November 25, 2008

The lack of common measurement methods among light-emitting diode (LED) and lighting manufacturers has affected the commercialization of solid-state lighting products. In a recent paper,* … more

Saying ‘Cheese’ for More Effective Border Security
Release Date: November 25, 2008

A graphical overlay can improve the quality of facial images obtained by facial recognition systems. Credit: NIST View hi-resolution image Facial recognition systems perform some … more

NIST ‘Stress Tests’ Probe Nanoscale Strains in Materials
Release Date: November 25, 2008

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have demonstrated their ability to measure relatively low levels of stress or strain in regions of a semiconductor device as … more

Vincent Luciani Joins the CNST as Manager of the NanoFab
Release Date: November 24, 2008

The CNST is pleased to announce that Vincent Luciani has joined NIST as the new NanoFab Manager. Vincent has over 30 years of private industry experience in semiconductor and nanotechnology process … more

NIST Awards $24 Million in Grants For New Research Facilities Dedicated to Quantum Measurement, Marine Ecology
Release Date: November 24, 2008

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) announced today that it is awarding grants totaling more than $24 million to three universities to provide cost-shared support for the … more

42 Employees Earn DOC Awards
Release Date: November 19, 2008

The U.S. Department of Commerce has presented 42 employees of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) with Gold and Silver Medal Awards—the two highest honors from the department. … more

Cold Atoms Could Replace Hot Gallium in Focused Ion Beams
Release Date: November 12, 2008

Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have developed a radical new method of focusing a stream of ions into a point as small as one nanometer (one billionth of a … more

Two NIST Researchers’ Papers Recognized in Ceramics 'Best Of' Collection
Release Date: November 12, 2008

Two materials scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have papers in a special list of the “11 best papers” published by the American Ceramics Society (ACerS) in the … more

NIST Researcher Receives Kudos for Images of Labs on a Chip
Release Date: November 12, 2008

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) bioengineer Greg Cooksey is equally talented behind the lens of a camera as he is engineering complex microfluidic devices for biology … more

NIST, Columbia Honored for 1931 Discovery of Heavy Hydrogen
Release Date: November 12, 2008

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and Columbia University have been named by the American Chemical Society (ACS) Division of the History of Chemistry as recipients of the … more

NIST Receives 64 Submissions for New ‘Hash’ Algorithm
Release Date: November 12, 2008

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has received a total of 64 submissions for a competition to develop a new cryptographic “hash” algorithm, a tool that converts a file, … more

Let the Games Begin! Nanosoccer at 2009 RoboCup in Austria
Release Date: November 12, 2008

The World Cup may be two years away, but soccer aficionados can get an early start at satisfying their yen for global competition when the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and … more

Iron-based Materials May Unlock Superconductivity’s Secrets
Release Date: November 12, 2008

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) are decoding the mysterious mechanisms behind the high-temperature superconductors that industry hopes will find wide use in … more

Nanoparticles in the Home: More and Smaller Than Previously Detected
Release Date: November 12, 2008

NIST researcher Cynthia Howard Reed and guest researcher Lance Wallace measure nanoparticles emitted by common household appliances. The new experiments can measure 'ultrafine particles' … more

‘Femtomolar Optical Tweezers’ May Enable Sensitive Blood Tests
Release Date: November 12, 2008

Basic scheme of an optical tweezer-based sensor of biological particles. A microsphere covered with a specific antigen (such as a virus or other infectious agent) is trapped and pulled … more

NCI and NIST Propose Online Community To Speed Up Development of Nanotech Standards
Release Date: November 12, 2008

Participatory, Web 2.0 Web Site to Focus on Nanomaterials Federal government and U.S. industry scientists are forging ahead with plans to establish an international online forum for collaboration … more

NIST, NCI Bring Web 2.0 Tools to Nanotechnology Standards Effort
Release Date: November 12, 2008

Federal government and U.S. industry scientists say they are forging ahead with plans for an international, online collaboration to speed up creation of critically needed nanotechnology standards, … more

Improved Measurements Could Mean Safer, More Reliable Electroshock Weapons
Release Date: November 12, 2008

Electroshock weapons - such as stun guns and other similar devices that temporarily incapacitate a person by delivering a high-voltage, low-current electric shock - have helped law enforcement … more

Blue Ribbon Commission Issues Findings on NIST Safety
Release Date: November 7, 2008

Gaithersburg, MD—A blue ribbon commission of safety and management experts issued a report today describing the adequacy of safety programs at the Commerce Department's National Institute of … more

Three Recognized by ANSI for Standards Development Activities
Release Date: October 28, 2008

Three staff members of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) were honored last week by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) for their work in the field of standards … more

NIST Visiting Researcher Gregory Rutter Awarded the Dorothy M. and Earl S. Hoffman Award
Release Date: October 28, 2008

Gregory Rutter, a visiting researcher at NIST’s Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology (CNST) is the winner of a prestigious student award from the AVS. The AVS is an international science and … more

Nanoscale Dimensioning Is Fast, Cheap with New NIST Optical Technique
Release Date: October 28, 2008

A novel technique under development at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) uses a relatively inexpensive optical microscope to quickly and cheaply analyze nanoscale dimensions … more

Expert Reviewers Wanted for 2009 Baldrige Award Process
Release Date: October 28, 2008

Each year the Baldrige Program recruits experts from business, education organizations, health care providers, nonprofits and other groups to serve on the Board of Examiners for the Malcolm … more

NIST Physicist Honored in 2008 Presidential Rank Awards
Release Date: October 28, 2008

William R. Ott, deputy director of the NIST Physics Laboratory, has been named as a recipient of the 2008 Presidential Rank Award. The awards recognize exceptional long-term accomplishments in … more

Green Buildings: A Net-Zero Energy Research Agenda
Release Date: October 28, 2008

Buildings in the United States account for more than 40 percent of the nation's total energy consumption, and that is just one of their impacts on the environment. In a major statement on “green” … more

Fire Videos Dramatize Christmas Tree Safety Measures
Release Date: October 28, 2008

Christmas tree flambé--These are the remains of two dry Christmas trees NIST researchers burned in an experiment. The room shown on the left had a sprinkler system; the one on the right, … more

Sniffing Out a Better Chemical Sensor
Release Date: October 28, 2008

Marrying a sensitive detector technology capable of distinguishing hundreds of different chemical compounds with a pattern-recognition module that mimics the way animals recognize odors, … more

NIST Visiting Researcher Young Kuk awarded Inchon "Academy" Prize
Release Date: October 27, 2008

Dr. Young Kuk, a visiting researcher in NIST’s Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology (CNST) is the latest recipient one of South Korea’s most prestigious prizes for academic achievement. Dr. … more

Government Issues R&D Agenda for ”Net-Zero“ Energy Green Buildings
Release Date: October 22, 2008

WASHINGTON—Today, the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC) released a report describing R&D activities that could decrease use of natural resources and improve indoor environments … more

Paperwork: Buckypapers Clarify Electrical, Optical Behavior of Nanotubes
Release Date: October 14, 2008

Buckypaper: SEM image demonstrates a pseudo 2-D network of carbon nanotubes deposited like paper fibers in a thin, sparse sheet. The nanotubes here have an average length 820 nm and make … more

First Tunable, ‘Noiseless’ Amplifier May Boost Quantum Computing, Communications
Release Date: October 14, 2008

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and JILA, a joint institute of NIST and the University of Colorado (CU) at Boulder, have made the first tunable “noiseless” … more

Gebbie Elected to American Academy of Arts and Sciences
Release Date: October 14, 2008

Katharine B. Gebbie, director of the Physics Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), was inducted as a member of the 228th Class of Fellows of the American Academy … more

New Report on NIST Tests of Wireless Environment in Auto Factories
Release Date: October 14, 2008

A new report describes tests carried out by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) of the wireless environment in automotive manufacturing facilities. The measurements, carried … more

Updated Specification Issued for PIV Card Implementations
Release Date: October 14, 2008

This smart chip on a Personal Identity Verification (PIV) card holds two fingerprint biometrics, a unique number that identifies the individual within the PIV system, a PIN number that … more

Gold Nanostars Outshine the Competition
Release Date: October 14, 2008

Novel nanoparticles being tested at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have researchers seeing stars. In a recent paper,* NIST scientists used surface-enhanced Raman … more

Safer Buildings Are Goal of New Code Changes Based on Recommendations from NIST World Trade Center Investigation
Release Date: October 1, 2008

GAITHERSBURG, Md.—Future buildings—especially tall structures—should be increasingly resistant to fire, more easily evacuated in emergencies, and safer overall thanks to 23 major and far-reaching … more

Updated Standards Site Offers New Support for Exports to Asia
Release Date: October 1, 2008

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is supporting the re-launch of www.StandardsPortal.org, an online resource that facilitates international trade globally, with in-depth … more

JILA Scientists Create First Dense Gas of Ultracold ‘Polar’ Molecules
Release Date: October 1, 2008

Scientists at JILA, a joint institute of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Colorado at Boulder (CU-Boulder), NIST and Temple University in Philadelphia … more

Baked Slug -- New Method to Test Fireproofing Material
Release Date: October 1, 2008

In a high-temperature blaze, how well does a fireproofing material shield a building’s important steel structures from heat? Answering this question has been surprisingly difficult, but it is … more

NIST/CSM Sensor Could Help Avert Pipeline Failures
Release Date: October 1, 2008

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and Colorado School of Mines (CSM) have developed a prototype sensor that quickly detects very small amounts of hydrogen … more

Moths with a Nose for Learning
Release Date: October 1, 2008

Much like Pavlov conditioned his dog to salivate in anticipation of food when a bell rang, insects can be trained to perform certain behaviors when enticed with different smells. Researchers at the … more

Models of Eel Cells Suggest Electrifying Possibilities
Release Date: October 1, 2008

Engineers long have known that great ideas can be lifted from Mother Nature, but a new paper* by researchers at Yale University and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) takes … more

New Building Code Revisions Adopt NIST Recommendations from WTC Study
Release Date: October 1, 2008

Future buildings—especially tall structures—should be increasingly resistant to fire, more easily evacuated in emergencies, and safer overall thanks to 23 major and far-reaching building and fire … more