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Displaying news from July 01, 2011 To September 30, 2011

New Etch Process Developed at the CNST uses Argon Pulsing to Improve Silicon Etch Rate and Selectivity
Release Date: September 28, 2011

Engineers in the CNST NanoFab have developed a new plasma etching technique for silicon which improves the etch rate, the mask selectivity, and the sidewall profile by optimizing the addition of … more

In Unique Fire Tests, Outdoor Decks Will Be Under Firebrand Attack
Release Date: September 27, 2011

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) will unleash its Dragon—a NIST invention that bellows showers of glowing embers, or firebrands—at a unique wind tunnel test facility in … more

NIST Polishes Method for Creating Tiny Diamond Machines
Release Date: September 27, 2011

Diamonds may be best known as a symbol of long-lasting love. But semiconductor makers are also hoping they'll pan out as key components of long-lasting micromachines if a new method developed at … more

Metric Week Begins October 9!
Release Date: September 27, 2011

Counting the seconds until Metric Week (Oct. 9-15, 2011) begins? That’s the spirit! Seconds are the metric unit of time. You also could figure your distance in meters (the metric unit of length) … more

New Baldrige Book Helps Organizations Gain 20/20 Foresight
Release Date: September 27, 2011

While most of us would say that hindsight is 20/20, the folks at the Baldrige Performance Excellence Program believe just the opposite for organizations that want to survive and thrive now, and for … more

Three NIST Scientists Receive PECASE Honors
Release Date: September 27, 2011

Three researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) will receive the 2010 Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE), the White House … more

NIST Extends Response Period for Comments on Proposed New Advanced Manufacturing Program
Release Date: September 23, 2011

To accommodate additional interested parties, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) today announced a 30-day extension on a request seeking public comment on the proposed new … more

The Armament Research, Development and Engineering Center (ARDEC) Wins Invention Awards
Release Date: September 22, 2011

ARDEC, a 2007 Baldrige Award Recipient is being recognized for its achievement as an inventor in the Army Greatest Inventions Award for 2010. The achievement is particularly meaningful for ARDEC … more

CNST Research Explains How Phase Segregation Affects Efficiency in Organic Photovoltaics
Release Date: September 21, 2011

Recent theoretical work conducted at the NIST Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology explains the surprisingly small effect of macroscale phase segregation on the overall efficiency of blended … more

The Path to Business Excellence
Release Date: September 21, 2011

Paige Lillard, Vice President of Business Excellence at Turner Broadcasting System, Inc., tells her unique story of becoming a change agent using the Baldrige Framework on the radio show "The … more

Maryland Governor O'Malley Urges Investment in Cybersecurity Education
Release Date: September 21, 2011

Maryland Governor Martin O'Malley addressed several hundred educators, IT experts, and others at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) yesterday as part of a workshop hosted by … more

Comprehensive Risk Assessment Guidance for Federal Information Systems Published
Release Date: September 20, 2011

Risk assessment is the topic of the newest special publication from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). Guide for Conducting Risk Assessments (NIST Special Publication … more

CNST Researchers Use Nanophotonics to More Efficiently Extract Photons from Single Semiconductor Quantum Dots
Release Date: September 14, 2011

Scanning electron micrograph of a suspended circular dielectric grating. The grating design leads to emission of quantum dot photons out of the surface, as simulated above. An … more

Shaping Up: Controlling a Stem Cell's Form Can Determine Its Fate
Release Date: September 13, 2011

"Form follows function!" was the credo of early 20th century architects making design choices based on the intended use of the structure. Cell biologists may be turning that on its head. New … more

Double Jeopardy: Building Codes May Underestimate Risks Due to Multiple Hazards
Release Date: September 13, 2011

As large parts of the nation recover from nature's one-two punch—an earthquake followed by Hurricane Irene—building researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) warn … more

U.S., Europe Collaborating on Smart Grid Standards Development
Release Date: September 13, 2011

Today, the U.S. Commerce Department's National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the European Union's (EU) Smart Grid Coordination Group (SG-CG) jointly announced their intention to … more

Two New Publications Provide a Cloud Computing Standards Roadmap and Reference Architecture
Release Date: September 13, 2011

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has published two new documents on cloud computing: the first edition of a cloud computing standards roadmap and a cloud computing … more

NIST Seeks Comments to Help Build Public Safety Communications Network
Release Date: September 13, 2011

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is seeking advice on possible key features of a new broadband communications network for the nation's emergency services agencies. The … more

Four New Reports Update Security Content Automation Protocol
Release Date: September 13, 2011

Bringing order and security to the patchwork quilt of computing environments in a large organization can be a daunting task. Software tools and technical specifications that allow security … more

Seventh Annual IT Security Automation Conference Runs Oct. 31- Nov. 2
Release Date: September 13, 2011

The Seventh Annual IT Security Automation Conference, co-hosted by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), will focus on the breadth and depth of principles and technologies … more

Eleven for '11: Number of Organizations Announced for 2011 Baldrige Award Site Visits
Release Date: September 13, 2011

The Panel of Judges for the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award, the nation's highest recognition for organizational performance excellence, has selected 11 organizations for the final review … more

NIST to Host Workshop on Cryptography for New Technologies
Release Date: September 13, 2011

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) will host a workshop on cryptography for new technologies from Nov. 7-8, 2011, at the agency’s Gaithersburg, Md., campus. As the Internet … more

CNST and MML Researchers Demonstrate an Electrochromic Nanoplasmonic Optical Switch
Release Date: August 31, 2011

In a recent article in Nano Letters,* CNST researchers describe a new high-contrast, low operating-voltage, electrochemical optical switch that uses a volume of active dye orders-of-magnitude … more

NIST Achieves Record-Low Error Rate for Quantum Information Processing with One Qubit
Release Date: August 30, 2011

Thanks to advances in experimental design, physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have achieved a record-low probability of error in quantum information processing … more

Researchers Expand Capabilities of Miniature Analyzer for Complex Samples
Release Date: August 30, 2011

It’s not often that someone can claim that going from a positive to a negative is a step forward, but that’s the case for a team of scientists from the National Institute of Standards and … more

Iron ‘Veins’ Are Secret of Promising New Hydrogen Storage Material
Release Date: August 30, 2011

With a nod to biology, scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have a new approach to the problem of safely storing hydrogen in future fuel-cell-powered cars. Their … more

Ion Armageddon: Measuring the Impact Energy of Highly Charged Ions
Release Date: August 30, 2011

Much like a meteor impacting a planet, highly charged ions hit really hard and can do a lot of damage, albeit on a much smaller scale. And much like geologists determine the size and speed of the … more

Survey of Baldrige Examiners Reveals Current Perceptions of Performance
Release Date: August 30, 2011

Management and non-management personnel across a broad cross-section of U.S. organizations see eye-to-eye on mission, customer focus and commitment to success but differ significantly in their … more

Baldrige and Manufacturing: Article from Summer 2011 Issue of Encore
Release Date: August 30, 2011

Peter Frasso, President and CEO of Segue Manufacturing Services, states that "Baldrige consists of three core principles—find out what the customers' wants and needs are; organize the factory and … more

NIST/JQI Researcher Ian Spielman to Receive 2011 Junior BEC Award
Release Date: August 30, 2011

Ian Spielman, a physicist at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and fellow of the Joint Quantum Institute, a collaborative enterprise of NIST and the University of Maryland, … more

High Tech in Rural America
Release Date: August 26, 2011

Guest blog post by Patrick D. Gallagher, Commerce's Under Secretary of Standards and Technology and Director, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Under Secretary of Commerce … more

NIST Gaithersburg Campus to Reopen Wednesday August 24th
Release Date: August 23, 2011

Update: NIST Gaithersburg will be open for business as usual on Wednesday August 24th. The campus was closed on Tuesday afternoon due to the earthquake that hit the local area. Engineers have … more

Better 'Photon Loops' May Be Key to Computer and Physics Advances
Release Date: August 22, 2011

Surprisingly, transmitting information-rich photons thousands of miles through fiber-optic cable is far easier than reliably sending them just a few nanometers through a computer circuit. However, … more

NIST Tests Help Ensure Reliable Wireless Alarm Beacons for First Responders
Release Date: August 16, 2011

Wireless emergency safety equipment could save lives—if signals are transmitted reliably. But few performance standards exist. Now, tests at the National Institute of Standards and Technology … more

Kinder, Gentler Cell Capture Method Could Aid Medical Research
Release Date: August 16, 2011

A research team at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has come up with a potential solution to a two-pronged problem in medical research: How to capture cells on a particular … more

NIST Uncovers Reliability Issues for Carbon Nanotubes in Future Electronics
Release Date: August 16, 2011

Carbon nanotubes offer big promise in a small package. For instance, these tiny cylinders of carbon molecules theoretically can carry 1,000 times more electric current than a metal conductor of the … more

NIST Demonstrates First Quantum 'Entanglement' of Ions Using Microwaves
Release Date: August 16, 2011

Physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have, for the first time, linked the quantum properties of two separated ions (electrically charged atoms) by manipulating … more

New Website Offers Easy Access to NIST Disaster and Failure Study Data
Release Date: August 16, 2011

For more than 40 years, scientists and engineers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have studied structural failures caused by natural disasters, fires and man-made … more

Greenhouse Gases: The Measurement Challenge
Release Date: August 16, 2011

The continuing increase in the level of carbon dioxide and other "greenhouse gases" in the Earth's atmosphere has been identified as a cause for serious concern because it may radically accelerate … more

NIST Awards $2.7 Million to 18 U.S. Small Business Research Projects
Release Date: August 16, 2011

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has announced nearly $2.7 million in Phase 1 and Phase 2 Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) awards to 18 U.S. small businesses. The … more

May Named as NIST's Associate Director for Laboratory Programs
Release Date: August 16, 2011

Willie E. May, a 40-year veteran of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has been named to serve as the agency’s Associate Director for Laboratory Programs. In his new … more

May, Locascio Honored as ACS Fellows
Release Date: August 16, 2011

Two distinguished scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Willie E. May and Laurie E. Locascio, have been named fellows of the American Chemical Society (ACS), the … more

NIST Seeks Comments on National Initiative for Cybersecurity Education Draft Strategic Plan
Release Date: August 11, 2011

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) today* issued for public comment a draft strategic plan for the National Initiative for Cybersecurity Education (NICE) program. The plan, … more

CNST Researchers Observe Nanoscale Charge Transport in Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells
Release Date: August 10, 2011

Researchers in the CNST have used photoconductive atomic force microscopy (PCAFM) to characterize the nanoscale structure of organic photovoltaic (OPV) materials, and have performed a careful … more

NIST Physicists 'Entangle' Two Atoms Using Microwaves for the First Time
Release Date: August 10, 2011

New Approach Harnesses Mature Electronics to Simplify Ion-trap Quantum Computers BOULDER, Colo. – Physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have for the first time … more

NIST Awards $2.7 Million to 18 U.S. Small Business Research Projects
Release Date: August 10, 2011

Gaithersburg, Md. - The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has announced nearly $2.7 million in Phase 1 and Phase 2 Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) awards to 18 U.S. … more

NIST Finds That Ethanol-Loving Bacteria Accelerate Cracking of Pipeline Steels
Release Date: August 2, 2011

U.S. production of ethanol for fuel has been rising quickly, topping 13 billion gallons in 2010. With the usual rail, truck and barge transport methods under potential strain, existing gas … more

Novel Coatings Show Great Promise as Flame Retardants in Polyurethane Foam
Release Date: August 2, 2011

Gram for gram, novel carbon nanofiber-filled coatings devised by researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and Texas A&M University outperformed conventional … more

Armchair Science: DNA Strands That Select Nanotubes Are First Step to a Practical ‘Quantum Wire’
Release Date: August 2, 2011

DNA, a molecule famous for storing the genetic blueprints for all living things, can do other things as well. In a new paper,* researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology … more

North Texas Wildfires Spark Historic Federal-State Collaborative Study
Release Date: August 2, 2011

Two wildland-urban interface (WUI) fires* earlier this year outside of Amarillo, Texas, destroyed 70 homes, burned more than 25,000 acres of land, and caused nearly $6 million in property damage. … more

It’s Your Standard Pilot Project: NIST to Offer Documentary Standards to First Responders
Release Date: August 2, 2011

Seeking to measure the U.S. first responder community’s need for documentary standards at the federal, state and local levels, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Law … more

Operation Vigilant Sample: First Responder Training for Suspicious Powders
Release Date: August 2, 2011

A team from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is working with the U.S. National Guard on a coordinated effort to train emergency first responders in the delicate and … more

Smart Grid Panel Approves Six Standards for Catalog
Release Date: August 2, 2011

The Smart Grid Interoperability Panel (SGIP) has made the first six entries into its new Catalog of Standards,* a technical document now available as a guide for all involved with Smart … more

NIST Co-sponsors Biometrics Consortium Conference, Sept. 27-29 in Tampa, Florida
Release Date: August 2, 2011

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) will co-sponsor the 2011 Biometric Consortium Conference, Sept. 27-29, 2011, at the Tampa Convention Center in Tampa, Fla. The annual … more

September NICE Workshop to Focus on Engaging Americans in Cyberspace Safety
Release Date: August 2, 2011

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) will host the second annual National Initiative for Cybersecurity Education (NICE) Workshop, September 20-22, 2011, at its Gaithersburg, … more

CNST Researchers Elucidate Micro-Optical Techniques for Solid-State Materials Characterization
Release Date: July 27, 2011

In a chapter of the recently published book Optical Techniques for Solid-State Materials Characterization,* CNST researchers provide a detailed overview and explanations of  micro-optical … more

Smart Grid Panel Approves Six Standards for Catalog
Release Date: July 26, 2011

Gaithersburg, Md. – The Smart Grid Interoperability Panel (SGIP) has made the first six entries into its new Catalog of Standards, a technical document now available as a guide for all involved … more

NIST to Conduct Technical Study on Impacts of Joplin, Mo., Tornado
Release Date: July 25, 2011

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) today* said that it will conduct a full technical study on the impacts of the May 22, 2011, tornado that struck Joplin, Mo. The … more

NIST Seeks Comments on Structure for Proposed Advanced Manufacturing Technology Consortia (AMTech) Program
Release Date: July 22, 2011

A notice published today by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in the Federal Register requests opinions from the public about the best ways to structure a proposed new … more

Piece of Cake: Arrays of Long Nanotubes May Help Measure Terahertz Laser Power
Release Date: July 19, 2011

Terahertz radiation can penetrate numerous materials—plastic, clothing, paper and some biological tissues—making it an attractive candidate for applications such as concealed weapons detection, … more

Nanomechanics: New Test Measures Key Properties of Polymer Thin Films and Membranes
Release Date: July 19, 2011

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have demonstrated* a measurement technique that reliably determines three fundamental mechanical properties of … more

The Constants They Are A Changin': NIST Posts Latest Adjustments to Fundamental Figures
Release Date: July 19, 2011

The electromagnetic force has gotten a little stronger, gravity a little weaker, and the size of the smallest "quantum" of energy is now known a little better. The National Institute of Standards … more

NIST Proposes New Privacy Controls for Federal Information Systems and Organizations
Release Date: July 19, 2011

With increasing dependency on information systems and advances in cloud computing, the smart grid and mobile computing, maintaining the confidentiality and integrity of citizens' personally … more

New Version of Security Automation Protocol Includes Digital Trust Model
Release Date: July 19, 2011

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have released for public comment updated specifications for the Security Content Automation Protocol (SCAP), which helps … more

New Video Showcases NIST-Hosted Robotics Competitions in China
Release Date: July 19, 2011

Virtual robots move pallets while maneuvering around each other in a simulation of a busy warehouse. Credit: Laboratory for Robotics and Intelligent Control Systems (LARICS), University … more

Spotlight on Commerce: Phillip Singerman, Associate Director for Innovation and Industry Services at the National Institute of Standards and Technology
Release Date: July 15, 2011

Ed. Note: This post is part of the Spotlight on Commerce series, which highlights members of the Department of Commerce who are contributing to the president's vision of winning the future through … more

University of Maryland and CNST Collaborators Publish a Comprehensive Overview of Electronic Transport in Graphene
Release Date: July 13, 2011

Researchers from the University of Maryland and the CNST’s Shaffique Adam have recently published a detailed review of the electronic transport properties of two-dimensional graphene.*  In the … more

NIST Selects First Chief Manufacturing Officer
Release Date: July 8, 2011

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) today* announced that manufacturing industry executive Michael F. Molnar has been appointed to be the agency’s first-ever Chief … more

NIST Prototype 'Optics Table on a Chip' Places Microwave Photon in Two Colors at Once
Release Date: July 6, 2011

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have created a tunable superconducting circuit on a chip that can place a single microwave photon (particle of light) in two … more

Graphene: What Can Go Wrong? New Studies Point to Wrinkles, Process Contaminants
Release Date: July 6, 2011

Using a combination of sophisticated computer modeling and advanced materials analysis techniques at synchrotron laboratories, a research team led by the University at Buffalo (UB) and including … more

Promising Fire Retardant Results When Clay Nanofiller Has Space
Release Date: July 6, 2011

If materials scientists accompanied their research with theme songs, a team from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland (UMD) might be tempted to … more

John Cahn to Receive 2011 Kyoto Prize for Fundamental Contributions to Materials Science
Release Date: July 6, 2011

John Cahn, an emeritus senior fellow and materials scientist at the U.S. Commerce Department’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), has been named to receive the prestigious Kyoto … more

New Study Examines Methods for Technology Transfer from Government Labs to Industry
Release Date: July 6, 2011

A new report* sponsored by the U.S. Commerce Department (DOC)—the results of the first independent study of its kind in almost 10 years—describes both barriers and effective strategies for the … more

Help Wanted: NIST Conducting Nationwide Search for New Director of Technology Innovation Program
Release Date: July 6, 2011

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is seeking qualified candidates to lead the Technology Innovation Program (TIP). Established in 2007 as part of the America COMPETES Act … more

NIST and Researcher Butler Recognized for Forensic Science Citations
Release Date: July 6, 2011

When ScienceWatch.com, a Thomson Reuters web resource for measuring and analyzing science trends, recently listed the most influential institutions and researchers in forensic science based on … more

New Video Showcases NIST-Hosted Robotics Competitions in China
Release Date: July 6, 2011

Virtual robots move pallets while maneuvering around each other in a simulation of a busy warehouse. Credit: Laboratory for Robotics and Intelligent Control Systems (LARICS), University of … more

Cooler Than Ever: NIST Mechanical Micro-Drum Chilled to Quantum Ground State
Release Date: July 6, 2011

BOULDER, Colo. – Showcasing new tools for widespread development of quantum circuits made of mechanical parts, scientists from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have … more

A Cool Beat: NIST Micro-Drum Chilled to Quantum Ground State
Release Date: July 6, 2011

Showcasing new tools for developing quantum circuits made of mechanical parts, scientists from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have demonstrated a flexible, broadly … more

Video: On Weast's Last Day, A Crowning Achievement
Release Date: July 6, 2011

On June 30, 2011 school administrators, PTA officials, and board President Christopher S. Barclay gathered in Rockville at a ceremony (see the video on RockvillePatch.com) to recognize Jerry D. … more

CNST's Kartik Srinivasan Receives Sigma Xi Young Scientist Award
Release Date: July 6, 2011

CNST researcher Kartik Srinivasan was honored with the Sigma Xi Young Scientist Award for 2011.  He shared this prestigious prize with Sheng Lin-Gibson, Acting Group Leader of the Biomaterials … more