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Displaying news from July 01, 2007 To September 30, 2007

‘Dead Time’ Limits Quantum Cryptography Speeds
Release Date: September 27, 2007

Quantum cryptography is potentially the most secure method of sending encrypted information, but does it have a speed limit? According to a new paper* by researchers at the National Institute of … more

Fourteen Prepare for Baldrige Site Visits
Release Date: September 27, 2007

Starting in mid-October, teams of business, education, health care and nonprofit experts will visit 14 organizations as the final review stage for the 2007 Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award, … more

NIST Announces 56 New Awards For Innovative Technology R&D
Release Date: September 27, 2007

The Commerce Department’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) today announced 56 new awards for innovative industrial research and development projects under the agency’s Advanced … more

Experts to Review Life-Saving Homeland Security Standards
Release Date: September 27, 2007

The terrorist threat to the global transportation system, private-sector implementation of the preparedness provisions of the 9/11 Commission recommendations and a review of standards-based … more

High-Speed Quantum Key System Wins Research Award
Release Date: September 27, 2007

A high-speed quantum cryptography system that allows “Alice” and “Bob” to discuss things in absolute secrecy earned a 2007 R&D 100 Award for a team of researchers at the National Institute of … more

Measurements from the Edge: Magnetic Properties of Thin Films
Release Date: September 27, 2007

Spectroscopic image showing the microwave-frequency magnetic resonances of an array of parallel, metallic thin film nanowires ("stripes"). The peak in the center is due to resonances … more

NIST Helps Plan Measurement Standards for the Hydrogen Economy
Release Date: September 27, 2007

How do you conveniently measure something that not only is 14 times lighter than air but also invisible? That’s just one of the tasks National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Weights … more

NIST Debuts Superconducting Quantum Computing Cable
Release Date: September 27, 2007

Artist's rendition of the NIST superconducting quantum computing cable. Illustration by:Michael Kemper View hi-resolution version Physicists at the National Institute of Standards … more

Digital Cable Goes Quantum: NIST Debuts Superconducting Quantum Computing Cable
Release Date: September 26, 2007

Artist's rendition of the NIST superconducting quantum computing cable. Illustration by:Michael Kemper View hi-resolution version BOULDER, Colo.— Physicists at the National … more

NIST Firebrand Device Could Save U.S. and Japanese Homes
Release Date: September 13, 2007

Crackling embers and glowing firebrands might make for a romantic evening in front of the fireplace, but for homeowners in high fire-risk areas, windborne fire material is the stuff of nightmares. … more

JILA Finds Flaw in Model Describing DNA Elasticity
Release Date: September 13, 2007

DNA, the biomolecule that provides the blueprint for life, has a lesser-known identity as a stretchy polymer. JILA scientists have found a flaw in the most common model for DNA elasticity, a … more

NIST, SRC-NRI Enter Partnership to Drive Search for Next-Generation Computer Technology
Release Date: September 13, 2007

Collaboration Aims to Strengthen the Nation's Lead in Nanoelectronics   Semiconductor Research Corporation (SRC), the world’s leading university-research consortium for semiconductors and related … more

'Radio Wave Cooling' Offers New Twist on Laser Cooling
Release Date: September 13, 2007

Visible and ultraviolet laser light has been used for years to cool trapped atoms—and more recently larger objects—by reducing the extent of their thermal motion. Now, applying a different form of … more

NIST Team Develops Novel Method for Nanostructured Polymer Thin Films
Release Date: September 13, 2007

All researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) wanted was a simple, quick method for making thin films of block copolymers or BCPs (chemically distinct polymers linked … more

Probing a Rare Material Spin State at NIST
Release Date: September 13, 2007

A team of international physicists that includes researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has found experimental evidence of a highly sought-after type of … more

New Guide Available for Fractography of Ceramics and Glasses
Release Date: September 13, 2007

Optical profilometer image of the broken surface of a glass rod shows height of peaks (yellows and reds) and valleys (blues and purples) of the fracture surface in millionths of a meter. … more

"Guide to Secure Web Services" Provides Blueprint to Safer Web 2.0
Release Date: September 13, 2007

Many Web-based services, from shopping to online word processing, allow computer programs to talk to each other and exchange user data across several Web sites without human intervention. Many of … more

Voting Standards Guidance Sent to Election Commission
Release Date: September 13, 2007

Recommendations for a new set of requirements intended to make future voting systems more “secure, reliable, and easier for all voters to use” have been submitted in a 598-page report by an … more

NIST, SRC-NRI Partner to Advance Next-Generation Computer Technology
Release Date: September 13, 2007

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and Semiconductor Research Corporation (SRC), a university-research consortium for semiconductors and related technologies, today announced … more

Tech Transfer Event to Showcase NIST Microfluidics Technologies
Release Date: September 13, 2007

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), in cooperation with the MIT Enterprise Forum™ and TEDCO, will host a technology transfer workshop on Oct. 9, 2007, to showcase several of … more

NIST Votes for U.S. 'Approval with Comments' on Office Open XML Standard to Meet International Voting Deadline
Release Date: August 31, 2007

In preparation for the September 2 international voting deadline, the Commerce Department’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has supported a U.S. national body consensus … more

Fire Tests Examine Structural Collapse Hazards and Warning Devices
Release Date: August 30, 2007

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) conducted experiments this week in Sharon Hill, Pa., on the hazards of fires under residential floors, which can surprise firefighters by … more

Longer is Better for Nanotube Optical Properties
Release Date: August 30, 2007

If you want to exploit the ability of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) to absorb, fluoresce and scatter light, take the advice of a sandlot quarterback and “go long.” In the Aug. 29, 2007, … more

NIST Measures Challenges for Wireless in Factories
Release Date: August 30, 2007

Factories have much to gain from wireless technology, such as robot control, RFID tag monitoring, and local-area network (LAN) communications. Wireless systems can cost less and offer more … more

Upgraded Software Makes ID Verification Testing Easier
Release Date: August 30, 2007

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) recently released an improved version of its Personal Identity Verification (PIV) Data Generator, a downloadable Java application … more

JILA Physicist is Finalist for Service to America Medal
Release Date: August 30, 2007

Konrad Lehnert, a physicist at JILA, is a finalist for the 2007 Service to America medals, presented annually by the non-profit, non-partisan Partnership for Public Service to celebrate excellence … more

Workshop Focuses on Digital Exchange of Biometric Info
Release Date: August 16, 2007

“America’s Most Wanted” meets Web 2.0 as researchers develop an additional implementation of a data format that allows disparate law enforcement agencies to exchange fingerprints and other … more

Commerce Department to Host National Summit on Competitiveness
Release Date: August 16, 2007

Secretary of Commerce Carlos Gutierrez will host a national meeting of private and public sector officials that will focus on promoting innovation and economic development across the United States. … more

NIST, UMBI to Expand Cooperation in Bioresearch
Release Date: August 16, 2007

Officials from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland Biotechnology Institute (UMBI) signed a Memorandum of Understanding on Aug. 10 designed to … more

America COMPETES Act Brings Immediate Changes to NIST
Release Date: August 16, 2007

On Aug. 9, the President signed the America COMPETES Act (Public Law Number 110-69), which authorizes funding for the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) for the next three years. … more

New NIST Calibration Service 'Arms' Phasors for More Reliable Power Grids
Release Date: August 16, 2007

While the new calibration service for phasor measurement units (PMUs) offered by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) sounds like it would appeal to Star Trek fans, it’s … more

SRMs Track Fire Retardants in Humans and Environment
Release Date: August 16, 2007

If only the flame retardant chemicals routinely added to consumer products from carpets to cell phones just did their job and nothing more. Health officials, however, are concerned that one class … more

Layered Approach May Yield Stronger, More Successful Bone Implants
Release Date: August 16, 2007

High-magnification scanning electron microscopy shows (center of micrograph) the leg of an osteoblast (bone precursor), called a cytoplasmic extension, attaching to nano-sized … more

Ginkgo SRMs: Tools for Product Analysis/Quality
Release Date: August 16, 2007

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has issued a suite of Standard Reference Materials (SRMs) for ginkgo biloba, one of the most popular dietary supplements in the … more

Nanoscale Blasting Adjusts Resistance in Magnetic Sensors
Release Date: August 16, 2007

A new process for adjusting the resistance of semiconductor devices by carpeting a small area of the device with tiny pits, like a yard dug up by demented terriers, may be the key to a new class of … more

NIST Votes for U.S. Conditional Approval of Office Open XML Standard
Release Date: August 10, 2007

August 10, 2007--The Commerce Department’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has voted for conditional approval of a proposed international standard for open documents. The … more

Comments Sought on New Security Publications
Release Date: August 3, 2007

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has released three draft Special Publications (SP) documents for public comment. Revision 1, Wireless Network Security: IEEE 802.11a/b/g, … more

Improved NIST SRM Aids Lead Poisoning Detection
Release Date: August 3, 2007

Lead in goat blood might not be on the top of your shopping list, but for U.S. medical personnel who each year perform more than 2 million human blood measurements, Standard Reference Material … more

New Tools to Help Configure Secure Operating Systems
Release Date: August 3, 2007

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is making available “virtual machine images” of secure configurations of the Microsoft Windows XP and VISTA operating systems (OSs) to … more

Changing the Rings: A Key Finding for Magnetics Design
Release Date: August 3, 2007

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology’s Center for Nanoscale Science and Technology (CNST) have done the first theoretical determination of the dominant damping … more

Thousands of Atoms Swap 'Spins' in Quantum Square Dance
Release Date: August 3, 2007

Physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have induced thousands of atoms trapped by laser beams to swap “spins” with partners simultaneously. The repeated exchanges, … more

Neutrons Reveal Quantum Order in Solid-State System
Release Date: August 3, 2007

It’s a truism that the world looks very different through the eyes of quantum mechanics. In a new paper appearing in Science,* an international team of scientists working at the National Institute … more

Nano-layer of Ruthenium Stabilizes Magnetic Sensors
Release Date: August 3, 2007

A layer of ruthenium just a few atoms thick can be used to fine-tune the sensitivity and enhance the reliability of magnetic sensors, tests at the National Institute of Standards and Technology … more

Thousands of Atoms Swap ‘Spins’ with Partners in Quantum Square Dance
Release Date: July 25, 2007

NIST Advance Is Step Toward Quantum Computing with Neutral Atoms GAITHERSBURG, MD—Physicists at the Commerce Department’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have induced … more

NIST Begins Technical Study of S.C. Warehouse Fire
Release Date: July 20, 2007

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has announced that it is beginning a technical study of the June 18, 2007, fire at the Super Sofa Store furniture store/warehouse in … more

Magnetic Tape Analysis "Sees" Tampering in Detail
Release Date: July 20, 2007

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has developed an improved version of a real-time magnetic microscopy system that converts evidence of tampering on magnetic audio and video … more

New NIST Measurement Office Focuses on Innovation
Release Date: July 20, 2007

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Director William Jeffrey has named Clare Allocca as the chief of NIST’s new United States Measurement System (USMS) Office. The creation of the … more

Tailoring Computer Security for Industrial Controls
Release Date: July 20, 2007

Electricity, power, water, communications, waste treatment—we call the facilities that supply these services our “critical” infrastructures because they truly are critical to the health, safety and … more

Evaluations Aim to Advance Translation Technology
Release Date: July 20, 2007

Wartime military patrols and civilian encounters can be especially dangerous if neither group understands the other’s language. To help American forces secure critical information and communicate … more

Speed Bumps Less Important Than Potholes for Graphene
Release Date: July 20, 2007

For electrical charges racing through an atom-thick sheet of graphene, occasional hills and valleys are no big deal, but the potholes—single-atom defects in the crystal—they’re killers. That’s one … more

NIST Begins Technical Study of South Carolina Warehouse Fire
Release Date: July 16, 2007

GAITHERSBURG, MD—The Commerce Department's National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) announced today that it is beginning a technical study of the June 18, 2007, fire at the Super Sofa … more

NIST RoboCrane® Cuts Aircraft Maintenance Costs
Release Date: July 2, 2007

A revolutionary robotic platform developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has been adapted for the U.S. Air Force to address the critical, expensive,and nasty work of … more