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Displaying news from July 01, 2006 To September 30, 2006

NIST Physicist Awarded Service to America Medal
Release Date: September 28, 2006

Dr. William D. Phillips, the first researcher from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to become a Nobel Laureate, has been awarded the 2006 Career Achievement Medal in the … more

Model Homes Offer National IAQ Impact Results
Release Date: September 28, 2006

Airborne contaminants in homes can range from allergic agents such as mold to potentially lethal threats such as carbon monoxide. Engineers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology … more

Emergency Tests Focus on Lab Radioactivity Analyses
Release Date: September 28, 2006

Working under severe time pressure, government laboratories can analyze radioactive samples fairly quickly—in a matter of hours—but with variable accuracy, and sometimes relaxed quality control … more

Firefighter Radios May Fail During High-Temp Fires
Release Date: September 28, 2006

Firefighters sometimes find themselves fighting blazes in temperatures as high as 500 degrees F (260 degrees C). Firefighter gear and self-contained breathing apparatus can allow firefighters to … more

Robot Wheelchair May Give Patients More Independence
Release Date: September 28, 2006

NIST research assistants demonstrate two functions of the prototype robotic HLPR chair (left) facilitating leg exercise and (right) lifting the patient to reach high shelves. View a … more

Fifteen Prepare for Baldrige Site Visits
Release Date: September 28, 2006

Starting Oct. 16, teams of business, education and health care experts will visit 13 organizations—one service company, three small businesses, three education organizations and six health care … more

New Standards Portal Focuses on U.S.-China Trade
Release Date: September 28, 2006

The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), in cooperation with the Standardization Administration of China (SAC), have launched … more

Comments Sought on New IT Security Guides
Release Date: September 28, 2006

On Sept. 26, 2006, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) released three draft information technology security publications for public comment: Special Publication (SP) 800-54, … more

ERCC to Begin Test Rounds for Final RNA Reference Set
Release Date: September 14, 2006

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), in cooperation with the External RNA Controls Consortium (ERCC), has awarded a contract to Commonwealth Biotechnologies, Inc. (CBI, … more

NIST Guide Details Forensic Practices for Data Analysis
Release Date: September 14, 2006

TV shows such as "CSI: Crime Scene Investigation" have popularized the role of forensic science in solving crimes. Now, computer security experts at the National Institute of Standards and … more

Nanomanufacturing Meeting to Chart Research Needs
Release Date: September 14, 2006

Experts in manufacturing processes, measurement science and tools, and computational methods will meet Oct. 17-19, 2006, in Gaithersburg, Md., to set research goals and chart other next steps … more

Small, Low-noise Oscillator May Help in Surveillance
Release Date: September 14, 2006

A new design for a microwave oscillator that is smaller, simpler, and produces clearer signals at a single frequency than comparable devices has been invented at the National Institute of Standards … more

New Reference Materials Support Industrial Zeolites
Release Date: September 14, 2006

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has issued three new reference materials to support researchers studying the properties of commercially important … more

Joint Quantum Institute Created by University of Maryland, NIST and NSA
Release Date: September 11, 2006

COLLEGE PARK, Md. – Today, the University of Maryland (UM), the Commerce Department’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), and the National Security Agency (NSA) announced the … more

NIST’s World Trade Center Investigation
Release Date: September 8, 2006

(9/8/2006, ARCHIVE, incorporated into 9/19/2011 update) What is NIST? The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is an agency of the Commerce Department’s Technology Administration. … more

New Fact Sheet Addresses Questions on WTC Report
Release Date: August 31, 2006

When the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) released the final report in October 2005 from its technical investigation of the fires and collapses of the World Trade Center (WTC) … more

October Summit to Focus on Healthcare Technology
Release Date: August 31, 2006

Americans are living longer than ever. As the senior population grows over the coming years, increasing the quality of healthcare while reducing costs will become even more of a priority than it is … more

Meeting to Examine Industry Impact of Chemical Controls
Release Date: August 31, 2006

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has co-organized with U.S. industry a workshop to address the increasing pressure on manufacturers from emerging chemical controls and … more

How-To Guide for Removing Data from Storage Media
Release Date: August 31, 2006

Before ditching or donating that used computer, CD or other data-storage media, sensitive or personal information should be properly "sanitized," according to a new guide from the National … more

Workshops Address How to Avoid Progressive Collapse
Release Date: August 31, 2006

The 1995 bombing that triggered the collapse of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, Okla., first raised concerns in the United States about the safety of public buildings from … more

Gold Nanoparticles Prove to Be Hot Stuff
Release Date: August 31, 2006

A gold nanobead, trapped with 205 milliwatts of infrared laser light, heats up to about 75 degrees C or 167 degrees F (shown in dark red) and the temperature in the surrounding area … more

Nano-Signals Get a Boost from Magnetic Spin Waves
Release Date: August 31, 2006

This simulation shows how two nano-oscillators, spaced 500 nanometers apart, synchronize their microwave signals by overlapping and merging their "spin waves," magnetic emissions caused by … more

NIST Scientists Use Electron Beam to Unravel the Secrets of an ‘Atomic Switch’: New Findings Improve Construction Tools and Knowhow for Nanoscale Devices
Release Date: August 17, 2006

NIST researchers used a scanning tunneling microscope (STM) to move a single cobalt atom (blue sphere) in a small molecule back and forth between two positions on a crystal surface … more

Putting Search and Rescue Robots Through Their Paces
Release Date: August 17, 2006

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Homeland Security's Science and Technology Directorate, is sponsoring a workshop and a … more

Draft Guidance on Improving Security of Home Computers
Release Date: August 17, 2006

The National Institute of Standards and Technology is  looking for comments on new guidelines aimed at helping end-users, in  particular telecommuting federal employees, improve the security of … more

New Web Database Improves Access to Ionic Liquid Data
Release Date: August 17, 2006

Chemical engineers and others designing "green" industrial processes using new ionic liquid solvents now have an important new resource, an on-line database of physical properties developed by the … more

Structure of Key Enzyme in Plague Bacterium Found
Release Date: August 17, 2006

Ribbon rendering of the structure of AC-IV in Yersina pestis as determined at NIST. The enzyme is a dimer (two identical subunits around a vertical axis), and each of the two subunits … more

NIST’s New Advanced Imaging Facility Peers Inside Hydrogen Fuel Cells
Release Date: August 15, 2006

GAITHERSBURG, MD –Thanks to a new and improved imaging instrument at the Commerce Department’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), scientists now can conduct detailed … more

Two NIST Researchers Earn Presidential Honors
Release Date: August 3, 2006

The White House has announced that two researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) are among the 56 recipients of the 2005 Presidential Early Career Awards for … more

Workshop Addresses Imaging Technology in Therapeutics
Release Date: August 3, 2006

Increasingly, medical and pharmaceutical researchers are looking to biomedical imaging as a tool to track disease progress, speed drug discovery and improve patient outcomes. The goal is to … more

NIST Makes Changes to Key Security Publication
Release Date: August 3, 2006

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is requesting comments on a draft revision of Recommended Security Controls for Federal Information Systems (NIST Special Publication … more

Links Between DNA Damage and Breast Cancer Studied
Release Date: August 3, 2006

Researchers from the Pacific Northwest Research Institute (PNRI) and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have uncovered a pattern of DNA damage in connective tissues in the … more

New X-Ray Microbeam Answers 20-Year-Old Metals Question submicron xray beam
Release Date: August 3, 2006

Novel 3-D microbeam experiment enables direct proof of the Mughrabi model of metal stress. Submicron X-ray beam (broad arrow) penetrates a deformed copper single crystal and is diffracted … more

‘Micro-boxes’ of Water Used to Study Single Molecules
Release Date: July 20, 2006

Prodded by optical tweezers, two "hydrosomes" move together and fuse to mix their contents, in an experiment using water droplets as minuscule boxes for manipulating small numbers of … more

Add Nanotubes and Stir—With the Right Force
Release Date: July 20, 2006

NIST researchers have mapped the relationship between stirring force and nanotube arrangement, an advance key to the processing of new nanocomposite materials. Images show the evolution … more

Novel Nano-Etched Cavity Makes LEDs 7 Times Brighter
Release Date: July 20, 2006

  Etched nanostructured rings around an LED can make it more than seven times brighter. The novel technique developed at NIST may have applications in areas such as in biomedical imaging … more

Mercury Atomic Clock Sets Time-Keeping Record
Release Date: July 20, 2006

NIST physicist Jim Bergquist with the world's most accurate clock. The silver cylinder in the foreground is a magnetically shielded cryogenic vacuum system, which holds the heart of the … more

‘Micro-boxes’ of Water Used to Study Single Molecules
Release Date: July 20, 2006

Prodded by optical tweezers, two "hydrosomes" move together and fuse to mix their contents, in an experiment using water droplets as minuscule boxes for manipulating small numbers of … more

NIST Director Testifies on Voting Machine Standards
Release Date: July 20, 2006

On July 19, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Director Bill Jeffrey testified before the House Committee on Science and the Committee on House Administration on "Voting … more

NIST Can Help You 'MBARK' onto Better Biometric Systems
Release Date: July 20, 2006

Once a tool primarily used by law enforcement to help identify criminals, biometric technologies increasingly are being used by government and the private sector to authenticate a person's … more

Road to AC Voltage Standard Leads to Important Junction
Release Date: July 20, 2006

After 10 years of research, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has unveiled the world's first precision instrument for directly measuring alternating current (AC) voltages. … more

Mercury Atomic Clock Keeps Time with Record Accuracy
Release Date: July 14, 2006

BOULDER, COLO.—An experimental atomic clock based on a single mercury atom is now at least five times more precise than the national standard clock based on a "fountain" of cesium atoms, according … more

NIST, UM Program To Support Nanotech Development
Release Date: July 6, 2006

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland (UM) have joined in a $1.5 million cooperative program that will further NIST's efforts to develop … more

Rust Never Sleeps: New SRM Aids Coated Steel Industry
Release Date: July 6, 2006

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has developed a new reference material to aid quality control in the steel coatings industry. The new Standard Reference Material (SRM) … more

Researchers Peg Magnetism as Key Driver of High-Temperature Superconductivity
Release Date: July 6, 2006

GAITHERSBURG, Md.—When it comes to superconductivity, magnetic excitations may top good vibrations. Writing in the July 6, 2006, issue of Nature,* scientists working at the Commerce Department's … more

Stress Management: X-Rays Reveal Si Thin-Film Defects
Release Date: July 6, 2006

X-ray topographs of three different strata of a strained-silicon wafer show close correspondence in defects from the base silicon layer (top) through the final strained-silicon layer … more

NIST Grant to University of Maryland Steps Up the Agency’s Nanotechnology Efforts
Release Date: July 6, 2006

GAITHERSBURG, Md.—The Commerce Department’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland have joined in a $1.5 million cooperative program that will further … more

NIST RoboCrane® Cuts Aircraft Maintenance Costs
Release Date: July 6, 2006

Click here for hi-res version. A worker in a protective cab on a NIST-developed revolutionary robotic platform strips paint off a U.S. Air Force C-130. The easily maneuverable … more

New Ion Trap May Lead to Large Quantum Computers
Release Date: July 6, 2006

False-color images of 1, 2, 3, 6, and 12 magnesium ions loaded into NIST's new planar ion trap. Red indicates areas of highest fluorescence, or the centers of the ions. As more ions are … more

NIST RoboCrane® Cuts Aircraft Maintenance Costs
Release Date: July 6, 2006

Click here for hi-res version. A worker in a protective cab on a NIST-developed revolutionary robotic platform strips paint off a U.S. Air Force C-130. The easily maneuverable … more

Magnetic Ties May Explain High-Temp Superconductors
Release Date: July 6, 2006

When it comes to superconductivity, magnetic excitations may top good vibrations. Scientists working at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Center for Neutron Research (NCNR) … more