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Displaying news from January 01, 2005 To December 31, 2005

Enjoy New Year's Eve a Second Longer!
Release Date: December 22, 2005

You can toot your New Year's horn an extra second this year, say physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). Along with the rest of the world's atomic timekeepers, … more

New Enhancements Upgrade NIST Mass Spectra Library
Release Date: December 22, 2005

After three years of development, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has released a major upgrade of the widely used NIST/EPA/NIH Mass Spectral Library. The library is an … more

Measurement and Standards Issues in Nanobiotechnology
Release Date: December 22, 2005

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) will co-host a workshop to discuss needed measurement technologies and standards in the rapidly evolving field of nanoscale biotechnology … more

Einstein Was Right (Again): Experiments Confirm that E= mc2
Release Date: December 21, 2005

An instrument called GAMS4, originally designed and built at NIST and now located at Institut Laue Langevin in France, was used in experiments that helped to confirm Einstein’s famous … more

Nonprofits Can Apply for Baldrige Quality Award in 2007
Release Date: December 6, 2005

GAITHERSBURG, MD—Starting in 2007, nonprofit organizations—including charities, trade and professional associations, and government agencies—will be eligible to apply for the Baldrige Award. To … more

NIST Assists with Testing Crash Avoidance System
Release Date: December 1, 2005

Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) are assisting the Department of Transportation (DOT) by developing tests for a crash avoidance system that could … more

Grant Advances Web Portal for U.S./China Standards
Release Date: December 1, 2005

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has awarded a $250,000 matching grant to support the development of an American National Standards Institute (ANSI)-sponsored U.S./China … more

NIST Physicists Coax Six Atoms into Quantum 'Cat' State
Release Date: November 30, 2005

NIST researchers have succeeded in coaxing six ions into an unusual quantum “cat” state in which their nuclei are collectively spinning clockwise and counterclockwise at the same time. … more

Six Organizations to Receive 2005 Presidential Award for Quality and Performance Excellence
Release Date: November 22, 2005

WASHINGTON, D.C.—President George W. Bush and Commerce Secretary Carlos Gutierrez today announced six organizations as recipients of the 2005 Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award, the nation’s … more

Virgil Gligor to Receive NIST/NSA Security Award
Release Date: November 17, 2005

Dr. Virgil Gligor, one of the country's pioneering figures in computer security, will be presented with the 2006 National Information Systems Security Award by the National Institute of Standards … more

Nobel Laureate wins Presidential Rank Award
Release Date: November 17, 2005

NIST Fellow William D. Phillips, 1997 Nobel Laureate in physics, is a distinguished recipient of a 2005 Presidential Rank Award for exceptional long-term accomplishments, the most prestigious award … more

Copper Ridges Nearly Double X-ray Sensor Performance
Release Date: November 17, 2005

Project leader Kent Irwin installs superconducting materials in an ultra-cold refrigerator for testing. These materials are used to make high-performance X-ray sensors for astronomy and … more

Two Universities Get Grants for Precision Measurements
Release Date: November 17, 2005

NIST has awarded two new Precision Measurement Grants to promote fundamental research in measurement science in U.S. colleges and universities. One grant was made to Edmund G. Myers of Florida … more

Updated Fire Modeling Software Released
Release Date: November 3, 2005

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) released in September an updated version of a popular computer program that fire investigators, safety officials, engineers, architects and … more

Measurement and Standards Issues in Telemedicine
Release Date: November 3, 2005

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in cooperation with the National Library of Medicine will host a workshop on Dec. 7, 2005, to explore the need for improved measurement … more

WTC Report Urges Action for Safer Tall Buildings
Release Date: November 3, 2005

Testifying before a hearing of the House Science Committee on Oct. 26, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Director William Jeffrey urged implementation of 30 specific … more

NIST Urges Implementation of Recommendations from World Trade Center Investigation Final Towers Report Released Today at Congressional Hearing
Release Date: October 26, 2005

WASHINGTON, D.C.— William Jeffrey, director of the U.S. Commerce Department’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), today called on the organizations that develop building and fire … more

NIST Coordinates Study of Hurricane Structure Damage
Release Date: October 20, 2005

On Oct. 13, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) announced that it has deployed the first of three teams of technical experts under a multiorganizational partnership to perform … more

NIST Physicist Honored for Technological Innovation
Release Date: October 20, 2005

NIST Fellow Jun Ye was honored Oct. 8 at the "Amazing Light: Visions for Discovery" symposium held to celebrate the 90th birthday of 1964 Nobel Laureate Charles Townes, co-inventor of the laser. Ye … more

NIST Develops Health Care IT Standards Repository
Release Date: October 20, 2005

Information technology has made it simpler and more convenient to handle a myriad of tasks online, such as booking a hotel, paying bills and ordering clothes. Widespread adoption and use of … more

Commerce’s NIST Coordinates Study of Structural Damage from Gulf Hurricanes
Release Date: October 13, 2005

GAITHERSBURG, Md.—The Commerce Department’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) announced today that it has deployed the first of three teams of technical experts under a … more

Federal Cryptography Guide Available for Comment
Release Date: October 7, 2005

Today, federal agencies use computer systems and networks to store information and to interact with industry, private citizens and other governments both in this country and around the world. In … more

Simulations Predict Savings From More Airtight Buildings
Release Date: October 7, 2005

U.S. commercial building owners could save substantially on annual heating and cooling energy costs by improving airtightness of their buildings' envelope, according to a recent National Institute … more

NIST/JILA Fellow Jan Hall Shares 2005 Nobel Prize in Physics
Release Date: October 4, 2005

Congratulatory letter from Congressman Boehlert (requires Acrobat Reader) Nobel laureate John L. (Jan) Hall © 2005 Geoffrey Wheeler For a high-resolution version of this photo contact … more

Meeting on New Technologies and Radiation Measurements
Release Date: September 23, 2005

The impact of new technologies on radiation measurements and standards will be the focus of the 14th annual conference of the Council on Ionizing Radiation Measurements and Standards, to be held … more

Like Fireflies and Pendulum Clocks, Nano-oscillators Synchronize Their Behavior
Release Date: September 14, 2005

A simulation made with NIST micromagnetic software shows the interaction of "spin waves" emitted by two nano-oscillators that generate microwave signals. The ability of these tiny … more

NIST Improves Accuracy of ‘Watt Balance’ Method for Defining the Kilogram
Release Date: September 13, 2005

Physicist Richard Steiner adjusts the electronic kilogram, an experimental apparatus for defining mass in terms of the basic properties of nature. ©Robert Rathe For a high-resolution … more

Experts To Examine Virtual Enterprise Uses of Info Tech
Release Date: September 9, 2005

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and Enterprise Integration Inc. (EII) are sponsoring a conference on how computer programs for business models, modeling and simulation … more

Comments Sought on Revision of Federal ID Standard
Release Date: September 9, 2005

The National Institute of Standards and Technology would like comments on proposed changes to a Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) issued in February for a smart-card-based form of … more

A New Structural View of Organic Electronic Devices
Release Date: September 9, 2005

Although still in the qualifying rounds, U.S. researchers are helping manufacturers win the race to develop low-cost ways to commercialize a multitude of products based on inexpensive organic … more

Novel Material May Demonstrate Long-Sought 'Liquid' Magnetic State
Release Date: September 8, 2005

A crystal diagram shows the triangle-shaped atomic structure of nickel gallium sulfide, which may have an unusual magnetic "liquid" state at low temperatures. Red spheres represent nickel, … more

Improving Security of Handheld IT Devices
Release Date: August 26, 2005

Handheld devices such as personal digital assistants are becoming indispensable tools for today’s highly mobile workforce. Small and relatively inexpensive, these devices can be used for many … more

Consortium Seeks Comment on Gene Expression Roadmap
Release Date: August 26, 2005

The External RNA Controls Consortium (ERCC) has issued for comment a draft plan for the selection and qualification of candidate RNA sequences, to be used as controls for assessing the performance … more

Evaluation Gauges Results from Machine Translation
Release Date: August 26, 2005

The National Institute of Stanards and Technology has posted at www.nist.gov/speech/tests/mt the results of the NIST 2005 Machine Translation Evaluation (MT-05), part of an ongoing series assessing … more

IT Program Hopes to Foster Better Security Checklists
Release Date: August 26, 2005

Widespread electronic attacks on computer systems have become commonplace with threats ranging from remotely launched attacks on network services to malicious code spread through e-mails. To make … more

NIST Develops 'Toolbox' for Manufacturing Systems
Release Date: August 26, 2005

Ask any handyman what's the most important thing he needs to get the job done and he'll probably say his toolbox. Thanks to the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), there's now a … more

Practice Guide Describes Engineering Standards
Release Date: August 26, 2005

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), in cooperation with the ASM International Surface Engineering Committee, has issued a guide to published standards for the measurement and … more

Industrial Physics Forum: Innovation Infrastructure
Release Date: August 26, 2005

Industry executives, research managers, academics and science policy decision makers are invited to attend The Industrial Physics Forum on Nov. 6-8, 2005, at the National Institute of Standards and … more

Conference to Highlight New Biometric Technologies
Release Date: August 26, 2005

The Biometrics Consortium Conference 2005 will address the latest trends in research, development, testing and application of biometric technologies, especially in the area of homeland security. … more

New Guide Is Timely for Radio Controlled Clocks, Watches
Release Date: August 10, 2005

Got the correct time? Radio controlled clocks and watches that automatically synchronize to official U.S. time provided by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have become more … more

Guidelines Issued for Certifying, Accrediting PIV Card Issuers
Release Date: August 10, 2005

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has developed guidelines for federal agencies to use in planning and designing certification and accreditation procedures for issuing … more

NIST Workshop to Help Industry Meet New EU Regulations
Release Date: August 10, 2005

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) will host a workshop this coming October to assist U.S. manufacturers and their supply chain partners in meeting new environmental … more

First Large-Scale Evaluation of Iris Recognition Under Way
Release Date: August 10, 2005

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has announced that it is running the Iris Challenge Evaluation (ICE), the first large-scale evaluation of iris recognition. Iris … more

Comprehensive Database of Computer Vulnerabilities Now Available
Release Date: August 10, 2005

Cyber attackers are constantly scanning the Internet looking for vulnerabilities in computer systems that will enable them to take control and use the systems for illegal or unethical activities … more

NIST Demonstrates Better Memory with Quantum Computer Bits
Release Date: August 10, 2005

Physicists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have used charged atoms (ions) to demonstrate a quantum physics version of computer memory lasting longer than 10 … more

Compact JILA System Stabilizes Laser Frequency
Release Date: July 26, 2005

A compact, inexpensive method for stabilizing lasers that uses a new design to reduce sensitivity to vibration and gravity 100 times better than similar approaches has been demonstrated by … more

Bioagent Detector Guide Aids First Responder Purchasing
Release Date: July 26, 2005

Ever since envelopes containing anthrax bacteria were mailed to Congressional and media offices in 2001 causing several deaths, many first responder departments have worked to improve their ability … more

Usability Standard Achieves International Status
Release Date: July 26, 2005

Software that is poorly designed, inappropriate for specific tasks or just difficult to use can be frustrating, unproductive and costly for both businesses and individuals. To help remedy the … more

NIST’s Manufacturing Lab Prints 2005 Program Guide
Release Date: July 26, 2005

With a value-added contribution of $1.4 trillion, U.S. manufacturing directly accounts for approximately 13 percent of the U.S. gross domestic product. The National Institute of Standards and … more

Draft Guidelines Released for IT Security Controls
Release Date: July 26, 2005

To help federal agencies comply with the Federal Information Security Management Act (FISMA) of 2002, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) issued Special Publication 800-53, … more

Measurement Challenges In Detecting Cancer Biomarkers
Release Date: July 26, 2005

In cancer research, biomarkers are molecules that indicate the presence of cancer in the body. Most are based on abnormal changes or mutations in genes, RNA, proteins and metabolites. Since the … more

Comments Sought on Draft Federal IT Security StandardComments Sought on Draft Federal IT Security Standard
Release Date: July 26, 2005

To help federal agencies improve their information technology security and comply with the Federal Information Security Management Act (FISMA) of 2002, the National Institute of Standards and … more

Jeffrey Confirmed by Senate as 13th NIST Director
Release Date: July 22, 2005

Click here for a high resolution version of this photo. WASHINGTON, D.C. – The U.S. Senate today confirmed William Alan Jeffrey, a veteran manager of federal science and technology … more

Commerce’s NIST Seeks Comments on Draft Information Security Standard
Release Date: July 15, 2005

Publication Provides Minimum Security Requirements for Federal Agencies GAITHERSBURG, Md.—Computer scientists at the U.S. Commerce Department’s National Institute of Standards and Technology … more

Predicting the Lifetime of Extreme UV Optics
Release Date: July 13, 2005

Extreme ultraviolet lithography (EUVL) may be the next-generation patterning technique used to produce smaller and faster microchips with feature sizes of 32 nanometers and below. However, durable … more

NIST Finds Rough Spot in Surface Measurement
Release Date: July 13, 2005

For makers of computers, disk drives and other sophisticated technologies, a guiding principle is the smoother the surfaces of chips and other components, the better these devices and the products, … more

Submissions Requested for Crypto Hash Workshop
Release Date: June 30, 2005

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is soliciting papers, presentations and other submissions for a workshop on Oct. 31-Nov. 1, 2005, in Gaithersburg, Md., to discuss a … more

NIST to Accredit Voting Systems Test Labs
Release Date: June 30, 2005

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has established a program for accrediting laboratories that will test voting systems and components in accordance with the Help America … more

New Web Service Tracks Foreign Tech Regulations
Release Date: June 30, 2005

Want to know about pending changes in technical regulations in Brazil, the United Kingdom, Korea or any of the 148 nations that are members of the World Trade Organization (WTO)? Then sign up for … more

Final Nightclub Fire Report Urges Code Compliance
Release Date: June 30, 2005

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) fire investigators have urged all state and local governments to adopt and aggressively enforce national model building and fire safety codes … more

Reference Materials Planned for Semiconductor Industry
Release Date: June 30, 2005

Companies and research organizations are invited to collaborate with the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and SEMATECH in the development and evaluation of a new generation of … more

NIST Outlines Support for Health IT Initiative
Release Date: June 30, 2005

President Bush has set a goal of widespread adoption of electronic health records within 10 years so that health information will follow patients throughout their care in a seamless and secure … more

New Design Developed for Silicon Nanowire Transistors
Release Date: June 30, 2005

In an advance for nanoscale electronics, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have demonstrated a new design for silicon nanowire transistors that both … more

NIST Scientist Honored for Neutron Probe Advances
Release Date: June 30, 2005

Through pioneering contributions that have expanded the capabilities of a class of specialized instruments that use neutrons to probe materials, Charles Majkrzak has given researchers around the … more

Final NIST Rhode Island Nightclub Fire Report Urges Strict Adherence to and Strengthening of Current Model Safety Codes
Release Date: June 29, 2005

Full list of recommendations Complete Report: Volume 1 (.pdf; requires Acrobat Reader) Appendices: Volume 2 (.pdf; requires Acrobat Reader) GAITHERSBURG, MD — The U.S. Commerce Department’s … more

NIST World Trade Center Investigation Team Calls for Improvements
Release Date: June 23, 2005

Presentation by Shyam Sunder, lead investigator (includes abridged recommendations) Remarks by Hratch Semerjian, Acting NIST Director Draft summary report: executive summary, complete … more

Laser Measurements Seminar
Release Date: June 16, 2005

The 20th annual Laser Measurements Short Course sponsored by NIST's Optoelectronics Division will be offered Aug. 9-12, 2005, in Boulder, Colo. The three-day seminar emphasizes the concepts, … more

Flemming Awards Received by Four NIST Researchers
Release Date: June 16, 2005

On June 6, four NIST researchers were among 12 honorees who received the Arthur S. Flemming Award at a ceremony held at The George Washington University in Washington, D.C. Established by the … more

New NIST Method Improves Accuracy of Spectrometers
Release Date: June 16, 2005

Measurements of the intensity of light at different wavelengths can be made more accurately now, thanks to a new, simple method for correcting common instrument errors. The new method, developed by … more

Software Advance Helps Computers Act Logically
Release Date: June 16, 2005

Computers just respond to commands, never "thinking" about the consequences. A new software language, however, promises to enable computers to reason much more precisely and thus better reflect … more

New Gene Chip May Be Early Cancer Diagnosis Tool
Release Date: June 16, 2005

A pilot study at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), in support of the National Cancer Institute's Early Detection Research Network (EDRN), has validated the measurement … more

Oklahoma School District Is 1,000th Award Applicant
Release Date: June 15, 2005

Gaithersburg, Md.—Jenks School District, Jenks, Okla., is the 1,000th applicant for the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award. Managed by the Commerce Department’s National Institute of Standards … more

NIST Withdraws Outdated Data Encryption Standard
Release Date: June 2, 2005

Secretary of Commerce Carlos Gutierrez recently approved the withdrawal of the Data Encryption Standard (Federal Information Processing Standard 46-3) and two related standards that provide for the … more

Shadow Technique Improves Measurement of Micro Holes
Release Date: June 2, 2005

Sometimes seeing a shadow can be as good or better than seeing the real thing. A new measurement method* developed by researchers working at the National Institute of Standards and Technology … more

2004 Baldrige Winners' Applications Available
Release Date: June 2, 2005

While the overall frozen baked goods industry has remained relatively flat, sales for The Bama Companies have increased 72 percent; total revenue has grown from $123 million in 1999 to $211 million … more

NIST Photon Detectors Have Record Efficiency
Release Date: June 2, 2005

Sensors that detect and count single photons, the smallest quantities of light, with 88 percent efficiency have been demonstrated by physicists at the National Institute of Standard and Technology … more

Meeting Slated to Discuss Structural Steel and Fire
Release Date: June 2, 2005

The World Trade Center (WTC) terrorist attacks on Sept. 11, 2001, showed the critical importance of fire resistant materials for structural steel. To accelerate technological advances in this area, … more

NIST June Workshop Focuses on BFRs in Environment
Release Date: June 2, 2005

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) will host the Seventh Annual Workshop on Brominated Flame Retardants (BFRs) in the Environment on June 13 and 14 , 2005, at the NIST … more

Software Addresses Terrorist Building Threats
Release Date: June 2, 2005

National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) economists have released risk assessment software that building owners and managers can use to identify and guard against terrorist threats to … more

Quantum Computing Results May Help in Code Breaking
Release Date: May 18, 2005

This colorized image shows the fluorescence from three trapped beryllium ions illuminated with an ultraviolet laser beam. Black and blue areas indicate lower intensity; red and white … more

NIST Demonstrates Key Step in Use of Quantum Computers for Code-Breaking
Release Date: May 12, 2005

Boulder, Colo.—A crucial step in a procedure that could enable future quantum computers to break today’s most commonly used encryption codes has been demonstrated by physicists at the U.S. Commerce … more

NIST Launches Initiative to Take Pulse Of U.S. Measurement Capabilities, Infrastructure
Release Date: May 11, 2005

WASHINGTON, D.C—An initiative to “roadmap” the nation’s future measurement needs was announced today by the Commerce Department’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). Necessary … more

NIST Fellow Elected to National Academy of Sciences
Release Date: May 5, 2005

Deborah S. Jin © Geoffrey Wheeler For a high-resolution version of this image, contact Gail Porter. WASHINGTON,D.C. — Deborah S. Jin, a physicist and fellow of the U.S. Department … more

'Metal-Decorated' Nanotubes Hold Promise for Fuel Cells
Release Date: May 3, 2005

This computer model shows how titanium atoms (dark blue) can attach above the centers of single-walled carbon nanotubes (light blue). Quantum calculations and modeling by a NIST researcher … more

Chip-scale Refrigerators Cool Bulk Objects
Release Date: April 21, 2005

This colorized scanning electron micrograph shows a cube of germanium attached to a membrane. The four small light blue rectangles at the midpoints of the membrane perimeter are … more

Three New Members Named to NIST’s Technology Advisory Committee
Release Date: April 6, 2005

Gaithersburg,Md.—Acting Director Hratch Semerjian of the Department of Commerce’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has named three distinguished industry and business experts … more

NIST and University of Colorado Establish Partnership
Release Date: March 31, 2005

BOULDER, COLO.--The U.S. Commerce Department’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and University of Colorado (CU) today created a partnership to enhance scientific, technical and … more

New Facility Recognized in Lab Design Competition
Release Date: March 24, 2005

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and HDR Inc. will accept an award on March 29 for "high honors" in R&D Magazine’s 2005 Lab of the Year competition for the Advanced … more

Noisy Pictures Tell a Story of 'Entangled' Atoms, JILA Physicists Find
Release Date: March 22, 2005

Similar patterns of "noise" are evident in these two images. The images are taken directly after molecules have been split into entangled atom pairs. Each of the pictures shows the … more

Quantum Computers May Be Easier to Build Than Predicted, NIST Work Suggests
Release Date: March 2, 2005

Boulder, Colo.— A full-scale quantum computer could produce reliable results even if its components performed no better than today’s best first-generation prototypes, according to a paper in the … more

NIST Issues Final Guidelines on Computer Security Controls for Federal Systems
Release Date: February 28, 2005

The Commerce Department’s National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) today released its final version of recommended security controls for federal information systems. The new guideline … more

Replace Kilogram Artifact Now With Definition Based on Nature, Experts Say
Release Date: February 14, 2005

London, Feb. 14, 2005—It’s time to replace the 115-year-old kilogram artifact as the world's official standard for mass, even though experiments generally thought necessary to achieve this goal … more

Streamlined Technology Administration Focuses on National Priorities for Security, Industrial Competitiveness
Release Date: February 7, 2005

FY06 Budget Briefing by Under Secretary for Technology Phillip Bond and NIST Acting Director Hratch Semerjian (pdf) Budget Table More TA/NIST Budget Information View current status of FY 2006 … more

Experiments Prove Existence of Atomic Chain ‘Anchors’
Release Date: February 3, 2005

The two images above show the energy levels (vertical scale) and spatial positions (white lines) of electrons within a three-atom chain. The top image shows the calculated or theoretical … more

Laser Applications Heat Up for Carbon Nanotubes
Release Date: January 26, 2005

Carbon nanotubes (left) are applied to a NIST-developed pyroelectric detector (right) that may improve thermal conductivity and resistance to laser damage. Click here to download a … more

Tiny, Atom-based Detector Senses Weak Magnetic Fields
Release Date: January 5, 2005

Photo of the NIST chip-scale magnetometer. The sensor is about as tall as a grain of rice. The widest block near the top of the device is an enclosed, transparent cell that holds a vapor of … more